We are here for you to provide the important Current Affairs April 1 2019, which have unique updates of all daily events from all newspapers such as The Hindu, The Economic Times, PIB, Times of India, PTI, Indian Express, Business Standard and all Government official websites.
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Prime Minister of Republic of Guinea visited India
Prime Minister of Guinea, Dr Ibrahima Kassory Fofana arrived in New Delhi along with his delegation on 16th March 2019 and met Indian President, Shri Ram Nath Kovind and Vice President, Shri Venkaiah Naidu to improve the bilateral ties between India and Guinea.
i. Dr Ibrahima Kassory Fofana addressed the inaugural session of the 14th CII-EXIM Bank conclave on India-Africa Project Partnership held New Delhi.
ii. India is one of the top trading partners of Guinea and India-Guinea bilateral ties was around 900 million US Dollars in 2017-18.
♦ Capital: Conakry & Currency: Guinean franc
♦ President: Alpha Conde
♦ Prime Minister: Dr. Ibrahima Kassory Fofana
Australia launched 7 Nation Military exercise in Indian Ocean
Australia is conducting 7 nation Indian Ocean military exercise along with Sri Lanka, India, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia and Singapore. Australia sent 4 Naval Ships and one military aircraft along with 1000 security personnel making it one the biggest military exercise.
i. The exercise is aimed to counter the growing Chinese influence in the India Ocean.
ii. The Australian forces started the exercise from Sri Lanka and reached India on 26th March 2019. After India, Australian forces moved to other participating nations and will return after two and half months.
♦ Capital: Canberra
♦ Prime Minister: Scott Morrisson
♦ Currency: Australian Dollar
BANKING & FINANCE
Bank of Baroda becomes the 3rd largest bank after its merger with Dena Bank & Vijaya Bank
On April 1, 2019, the merger of Dena Bank and Vijaya Bank into Bank of Baroda has come into effect. With this amalgamation, Bank of Baroda becomes the India’s second largest public sector bank and third largest commercial bank after State Bank of India (SBI) and HDFC Bank.
i. India’s first ever three-way merger of banks has started its operation over Rs 15 lakh cr as of balance sheet, with deposits and advances of 8.75 lakh crore and 6.25 lakh crore rupees, respectively.
ii. Government has also infused Rs 5,042 crore into Bank of Baroda by way of preferential allotment of equity shares.
iii. Centre’s shareholding in the merged entity is 65.7%.
iv. BoB now has over 9,500 branches, 13,400 ATMs and 85,000 employees.
Points to be noted:
i. Now the number of public sector banks (PSBs) has reduced to 18.
ii. The merger also reduced the number of banks kept under the Prompt Corrective Action (PCA) framework by RBI to four as Dena Bank was among the five PSU banks kept under PCA.
♦ CEO – P S Jayakumar,
♦ Headquarters – Alkapuri, Vadodara
♦ Tagline – India’s International Bank
Reliance Mutual Fund partnering with Google, becomes the first Indian company to launch voice-based financial transactions
Reliance Nippon Life Asset Management (RNAM) has joined hands with Google to enable the customers of Reliance Mutual Fund to carry out voice-based financial transactions.
i. With this, RNAM becomes the first company in India, to provide conversational interface that would help customers regarding funds transactions.
ii. In the first phase, the functionality would be launched in Reliance Simply Save app for the customers.
♦ It is a joint venture between Anil Ambani-led Reliance Capital and Japan’s Nippon Life Insurance Co Ltd.
♦ CEO Sundeep Sikka
♦ Founded: 1995
BUSINESS & ECONOMY
Anti-Dumping Duty has been imposed on the import of Solar Components from four nations
In order to safeguard domestic players against cheap shipments, Department of Revenue, Government of India has imposed anti-dumping duty up to USD 1559(Rs 1,07,844) per tonne on the import of certain solar cell components (Ethylene Vinyl Acetate Sheet for Solar Module) from China, Malaysia, Saudia Arabia and Thailand for a period of 5 years.
i. This move is taken on the recommendation of Directorate General of Trade Remedies (DGTR), which is the Investigation Arm of Ministry of Commerce.
AWARDS & RECOGNITIONS
Batman will become the first Inductee of Comic-Con Museum’s Character Hall of Fame
On his 80th Birthday, Batman will become the first Inductee of Comic-On Museum’s Character Hall of Fame,in a ceremony at 50th Annual Comic-Con International in San Diego, USA on 17th July 2019.
i. The Batman is a fictional character of DC Comics. The Character of Batman was created by artist Bob Kane and writer Bill Finger. Batman first appeared in Detective Comics #27 in 1939.
APPOINTMENTS & RESIGNS
Former ESPN Star Sports MD Manu Sawhney took his ICC Chief Executive charge
Former ESPN Star Sports MD, Manu Sawhney has formally joined International Cricket Council (ICC) as its Chief Executive Officer (CEO). His appointment has been confirmed in January 2019 but he was working with outgoing CEO David Richardson for the last six weeks to make smooth change over.
ii. David Richardson will continue in ICC until July 2019 to direct the Men’s Cricket World Cup 2019.
International Cricket Council(ICC)
♦ Motto – Cricket for good
♦ Headquarters – Dubai, United Arab Emirates
♦ Chairman – Shashank Manohar
ACQUISITIONS & MERGERS
Consulting arm of Infosys will buy 75% stake in Dutch Bank Subsidiary
Consulting arm of Global IT Services major, Infosys will buy 75% stake in Starter NV which is a subsidiary of Dutch based ABN AMRO Bank for $144 million (approx. Rs 999 crore) in an all-cash deal.
i. This move is aimed at strategic partnership in Netherlands. ABN Amro which is the third largest bank of Netherland will hold the remaining 25 per cent stake in Starter NV.
SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
India’s defence satellite EMISAT successfully launched by ISRO
ISRO’s workhorse launch vehicle Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV C-45), in its 47th mission, has successfully launched the 436 kg Electronic intelligence satellite EMISAT and 28 co-passenger satellites into their designated orbits from Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh. This was the 71st launch vehicle mission for Sriharikota
i. The military satellite, EMISAT, was successfully injected into intended sun-synchronous polar orbit of 748 km height.
ii. The foreign satellites have been launched under an agreement with theAntrix Corporation, the commercial arm of ISRO, consisting of 24 from the US, two from Lithuania and one each from Spain and Switzerland.
iii. Emisat is a satellite based on ISRO’s Indian Mini Satellite -2 (IMS-2) bus platform. The satellite is aimed at electromagnetic spectrum measurement.
China launched its 2nd Generational data relay satellite, Tianlian II-01
On 31st March 2019, China successfully launched its first second generational data relay satellite named Tianlian II-01 with the help of a Long March-3B Carrier rocket from Xichang Satellite Launch Centre in Sichuan Province.It was the 301st mission of the Long March carrier rocket series.
i. The Satellite will provide, data relay, transmission services, measurement and control for China’s manned spacecraft, satellites and carrier rockets along with other non-spacecraft users.
ii. China Academy of Space Technology which is under China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation has developed this satellite.
♦ Capital: Beijing
♦ Currency: Renminbi
♦ President: Xi Jinping
India’s ‘Hump-backed mahseer’ , freshwater fish added in “Critically Endangered” list
International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species added hump-backed mahseer ,also known as ‘Tor remadevii’ or ‘tiger of water’ in critically endangered species list.
i. It is freshwater fish endemic to the Western Ghats of South India and only found in Kaveri River basins including Kerala’s Pambar, Kabini and Bhavani rivers.The maximum length of this fish can reach upto 150 cm and maximum weight till 90 kg.
ii. The fish is considered as one of the 229 species from recent Red List which updated in November 2018 and also disclose the threat status of 12 other Indian species, including great hornbill.
iii. The headquarters of ICUN Red List is in United Kingdom
iv. The headquarters of ICUN is in Gland,Switzerland.
2019 India open (Badminton) held in New Delhi from 26th March to 31st March 2019
2019 India Open which is officially known as YONEX-SUNRISE India Open 2019 was organized by the Badminton Association of India at the K.D. Jadhav Indoor hall in New Delhi from 26th March to 31 March 2019. It was the eighth tournament of 2019 BWF (Badminton World Federation) World Tour.
i. The Total Prize money of the tournament was $350,000.
ii. KD Jadhav Indoor Hall is an indoor arena located north of the Indira Gandhi Indoor Stadium (or India Gandhi Arena) in Delhi. India Gandhi Indoor Stadium is the the largest indoor sports arena in India and third largest in Asia.
i. Danish Player, Viktor Axelsen defeated India’s top shuttler, Kidambi Srikanth by 21-7 and 22-20 in the final to win his second India Open title.
List of Winners
|Men’s Single||Viktor Axelsen (Denmark)||Kidambi Srikanth (India)|
|Women’s Singles||Ratchanok Intanon (Thailand)||He Bingjiao (China)|
|Men’s Doubles||Lee Yang (Taiwan) and Wang Chi-lin (Taiwan)||Ricky Karanda Suwardi (Indonesia) and Angga Pratama (Indonesia)|
|Women’s Singles||Greysia Polii (Indonesia) and Apriyani Rahayu (Indonesia)||Chow Mei Kuan (Malaysia) and Lee Meng Yean (Malaysia)|
|Mixed Doubles||Wang Yilu (China) and Huang Dongping (China)||Praveen Jordan (Indonesia) and Melati Daeva Oktavianti (Indonesia)|
♦ Headquarters: Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
♦ President: Poul-Erik Hoyer Larsen
About Badminton Association of India
♦ Headquarters: New Delhi
♦ President: Himanta Biswa Sarma
2019 Miami Open held in Florida from 18th March to 31st March 2019
2019 Miami Open which was the 35th edition of Miami Open, held at Miami Gardens in Florida, USA from 18th March to 31st March 2019. It was a part of Masters 1000 category of 2019 ATP (Association of Tennis Professionals) Tour and Premier mandatory Category of 2019 WTA (Women Tennis Association) Tour.
i. For the first time the tournament took place on the hard Rock Stadium.
ii. Roger Federer won his 4th ATP Miami title in Men’s Single Category.
iii. Former Australian Cricketer, Ashleigh Barty became the first ever Australian winner of the tournament in Women’s Singles category.
List of Winners
|Men’s Single||Roger Federer (Switzerland)||John Isner (USA)|
|Women’s Single||Ashleigh Barty (Australia)||Karolina Pliskova (Czech Republic)|
|Men’s Double||Bob Bryan (USA) and Mike Bryan (USA)||Wasley Koolhof (Netherlands) and Stefanos Tsitsipas (Greece)|
|Women’s Doubles||Elise Mertens (Belgium) and Aryna Sabalenka (Belarus)||Samantha Stosur (Australia) and Zhang Shuai (China)|
Five times world champion Lewis Hamilton of Mercedes captured Bahrain Grand Prix 2019 title by beating Mercedes Valtteri Bottas of Finland who secured second position. Charles Leclerc was finished with third position and became Ferrari’s youngest ever race winner at the age of 21.
i.It was Hamilton’s 74th win of his career and 1st of this season.
ii. The Bahrain Grand Prix is a Formula One Championship race in Bahrain which is sponsored by Gulf Air.
84th Foundation Day of Odisha celebrated on 1st April
Odisha celebrates its Foundation day on 1st April every year to commemorate the sacrifices of people for the formation of Odisha province in 1936. The Odisha Day is also known as “Utkal Divas”.
i. Various cultural programmes highlighting the history and culture of Odisha are organized on this day.
ii. Earlier, Odisha was a part of Bihar, it became the first state to be formed on the linguistic basis in 1936.
♦ Capital: Bhubaneshwar
♦ Governor: Ganeshi Lal & Chief Minister: Naveen Patnaik
♦ National Parks (NP): Similipal NP, Bhitarkanika NP
♦ Folk Dance: Odissi (Classical), Munari, Chhau, Ghumara