Current Affairs December 25 2018

We are here for you to provide the important Current Affairs December 25 2018, which have unique updates of all daily events from all newspapers such as The Hindu, The Economic Times, PIB, Times of India, PTI, Indian Express, Business Standard and all Government official websites.

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Current Affairs December 25 2018

INDIAN AFFAIRS

Overview of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s a day long visit to Odisha
On his day long visit to Odisha, Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated projects worth around Rs 15,000 crore in Odisha.

  • These projects part of Mr Modi’s vision of ‘Purbodaya – a prosperous East for building a new India’.
  • The Prime Minister inaugurated and dedicated the new campus of IIT-Bhubaneswar at Aragul built at a cost of 1660 crore rupees.
  • He also released a commemorative stamp and coin on the Paika Rebellion. He also inaugurated the Lalitgiri Archaeological Museum……………………….. Click here to Read more

PM Modi released Rs 100 commemorative coin in memory of Late former PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee 
On December 24, 2018, Prime Minister Narendra Modi released a commemorative Rs 100 coin in memory of former prime minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee.

PM Modi released Rs 100 commemorative coin in memory of Late former PM Atal Bihari Vajpayeei. This Rs 100 currency will be the highest denomination in the form of a coin and comes weeks after the government introduced Rs. 200 denomination notes for the first time.
ii. The coin was released on commemoration of the birth anniversary of the late Pm on December 25, which is also celebrated as ‘Good Governance Day’.
iii. Following are the features of the coin:

  • One side depicts the picture of the late PM along with his name inscribed on it.
  • On the bottom of the same face 1924 and 2018 are inscribed to mark the years of Mr Vajpayee’s birth and death
  • The other has the Ashoka Pillar Lion Capitol with the words ‘Satyamev Jayate’ inscribed at the bottom. It also has ‘India’ carved in Engish and ‘Bharat’ carved in Devanagari script.
  • It weighs 135 grams and is made of metals viz. Silver(50%), Copper (40%), Zinc (5%) and Nickel (5%).

iv.He was the first ever person from the BJP to have become the nation’s Prime Minister. Vajpayee served as Prime Minister thrice -briefly in 1996, and then for two terms between 1998 and 2004.

Prime Minister launched website of Cyber Coordination Centre during DGP Conference
On 23rd December 2018, Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the website for the Cyber Coordination Centre on the concluding day of 3-Day Conference of Director Generals of Police, which was organized at Kevadiya in Narmada district of Gujarat.

Prime Minister launched website of Cyber Coordination CentreKey Points:
i. A one stop shop on all cyber related issues, whether it is cybercrime or cyber security, the Cyber Coordination Centre is focused on improving cyber security in the country and on preparing the Police forces to prevent and investigate cybercrimes and financial frauds.
ii. It would also act as bridge between law enforcement agencies on the one hand, and academia and private cyber security professionals on the other.
iii. Prime Minister Narendra Modi also released a commemorative stamp on the National Police Memorial on the occasion besides releasing a special issue of Indian Police Journal on Police martyrdom, published by the Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPR&D).
PM announces Sardar Patel Award for National Integration
On 23rd December 2018, during the concluding session of the 3-Day Conference of Director Generals of Police, Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi announced the institution of Sardar Patel Award for National Integration on the pattern of Padma Awards.
Key Points:
i. The award which will be conferred annually and would be open to every Indian who has contributed to national unity in any manner.
ii. The inspiration for formation of award is drawn from India’s first Home Minister Sardar Patel’s contribution towards National unity after Independence.
About Ministry of Home Affairs:
♦ Minister: Rajnath Singh
♦ Ministers of state: Hansraj Gangaram Ahir, Kiren Rijiju
♦ Home Secretary:  Rajiv Gauba
♦ Headquarters: New Delhi
About Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPR&D):
♦ Director General:  Dr.A.P.Maheshwari
♦ Headquarters: New Delhi

6th edition of Yuva Natya Samaroh 2018 held in New Delhi
On 22nd December 2018, Sahitya Kala Parishad, Department of Art, Culture and Languages, Government of Delhi, organized the sixth edition of five-day long Yuva Natya Samaroh at Kamani Auditorium in New Delhi. The event will conclude on 26th December.

Yuva Natya Samaroh 2018 held in New DelhiKey Points:
i. It is a theatre festival of five young directors with some of the best modern, mythological as well as Parsi style drama.
ii. The festival will start with the famous and well-discussed story by Mithileshwar titled Babuji and directed by Rajesh Singh while the Parsi play Safed Khoon directed by Samiruddin (Javed Sameer), will be presented on the last day of the festival.

India’s first music museum to be set up in Thiruvaiyaru, Tamil Nadu
On December 23, 2018, the State Minister for Culture and Tamil Development Shri K Pandiarajan announced setting up of the country’s first music museum in Thiruvaiyaru, Tamilnadu.
i. The venue chosen for the project is the birth place of Saint Tyagaraja, one of the Trinities of Carnatic music.The other two of the Trinity are Muthuswami Dikshitar and Syama Sastri.
ii. The museum will be set up with assistance from the Central government.

BANKING & FINANCE

PNB Rupay Card: special card for Kumbh Mela launched by PNB and UP government
On December 23, 2018, State-owned Punjab National Bank (PNB) in collaboration with Uttar Pradesh government launched a special card called PNB Rupay card, for Kumbh Mela 2019.
i.  It is aimed to create a model for digitization at this edition of Kumbh Mela for convenient and hassle-free transactions for the participating 12 crore devotees.
ii. This product can be used even in absence of internet.

BUSINESS & ECONOMY

DIPP raises angel tax issue with revenue dept
On 19th December 2018, the Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion (DIPP) which works under Ministry of Commerce and Industry, stated that the DIPP has taken up the issue of Angel tax faced by Start Ups in India with the Department of Revenue (DoR), Ministry of Finance.
Key Points:
i. Angel tax is a tax that a start-up has to pay on the investment it has received from an angel investor above its “fair market valuation”.Angel tax is a 30% tax levied on investments made by external investors in a company or startup.
ii. Angel investor is the one who funds a startup when it is taking baby steps to establish itself in the competitive market and normally, about 300-400 startups get angel funding in an year.
iii. In April, this year, DIPP in consultation with the DoR put in place a mechanism to grant exemption from the provisions of Section 56(2)(viib) of the Income Tax (I-T) Act which provides for taxation of funds received by an entity to genuine investors in recognised startups.
iv. The move by DIPP to raise the concern with DoR came after many startups in Bengaluru and Mumbai raised the issue on social media with Commerce and Industry Minister Suresh Prabhu after they have reportedly received notices from the tax department to clear taxes on the angel capital raised by them.
About Ministry of Commerce and Industry:
♦ Minister: Suresh Prabhu
♦ Minister of State: C.R.Chaudhary
♦ Headquarters: New Delhi
About Ministry of Finance:
♦ Minister: Arun Jaitley
♦ Minister of State: Shiv Pratap Shukla, Pon Radhakrishnan
♦ Finance Secretary: Ajay Narayan Jha

AWARDS & RECOGNITIONS

Lewis Hamilton awarded Drivers’ Driver of the Year
On December 22, 2018, Lewis Hamilton was awarded with Drivers’ Driver of the Year after claiming the 5th World Drivers’ Championship.

Lewis Hamilton awarded Drivers' Drii. After this he became the 3rd man in history to secure the 5th world title.
ii. This was a part of vote given by the F1 management for the first time among 17 of the 20 drivers participating in the event.
iii. He was followed by Max Verstappen in the second place, Fernando Alonso in the third place.
iv. The top 5 was closed off by Sebastian Vettel (4th) and Daniel Ricciardo in the 5th place.

Indian Railways bagged 17 awards at the ‘National Energy Conservation awards 2018’ in New Delhi
On December 14, 2018, the Indian Railways won 17 awards in the National Energy Conservation awards 2018’ held in New Delhi.

National Energy Conservation awards 2018This was the highest number of awards bagged by a single organisation.
i.It took part in 3 categories namely, railway stations, hospitals and institutions, out of the five major categories.
ii.The awards are as follows:

  • Under‘transport’ category, railways obtained 10 awards for subsector railway station.
  • Under ‘building’ category, it bagged three awards for subsector Railway hospitals.
  • Under ‘institution’category, it got four awards for subsector state PWD, CPWD and PHED.

iii.10 awards for railway stations were given in the subsector in which,

  • Vidisha railway station in Madhya Pradesh won the 1st prize,
  • Jamnagar Station in Gujarat got the second prize.
  • seven certificates of merit were given to Dwarka, Rajkot, Surendranagar, Hyderabad, Nizamabad, Guwahati, Jaipur and Kazipet

iv. In the hospitals sector, the following got the 3 awards:

  • Izzatnagar division which won the first prize,
  • Railway Hospital of Rajkot division got the second prize and
  • certificate of merit was given to the Railway Hospital of Ratlam division.

v. Four awards for state PWD subsector include

  • Passenger reservation system complex building of Secunderabad division which won the first prize,
  • Rail Soudha zone HQ office building got the 2nd prize and
  • certificates of merit to rail Nilayam in Secunderabad and Hyderabad Bhawan (DRM Hyderabad office) in Secunderabad.

About the award:
i. These awards were given by the Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) , Ministry of power, Government of India.
ii. The purpose of the award was to honour Institutions for adopting Energy Efficiency measures for reducing energy consumption and the cost.
Ministry of Railways:
♦ Union Minister: Shri. Piyush Goyal.
♦ Minister of State: Shri. Manoj Sinha, Shri. Rajen Gohain.
♦ Chairman of Indian Railways Board: Ashwini Lohani.

APPOINTMENTS & RESIGNS

Patrick Shanahan to replace James Mattis as Acting US Defence Secretary
On 23rd December 2018, United States President Donald Trump announced through a tweet that Defence Secretary Jim Mattis will be replaced by his deputy Patrick Shanahan as acting Pentagon chief on January 1, 2019 the date which is two months earlier than planned.

Patrick Shanahan to replace James Mattis as US Defense SecretaryKey Points:
i. Earlier Jim Mattis, had announced his resignation on 21st December 2018 due to strong policy differences with Mr Trump especially on Trump’s Syria troop with drawl move but offered to stay on for two months in order to facilitate a smooth transition.
ii. Mr Shanahan, is a former executive at the aerospace giant Boeing, joined the Pentagon in July 2017 after Mr Trump nominated him and was reportedly a vocal supporter of the president’s plan to establish a sixth branch of the armed forces, known as the “space force”.

SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

HD219134 b: Shimmering ‘super-Earth’ in constellation Cassiopeia discovered
On December 22, 2018, located 21 light years away us in the constellation Cassiopeia, a shimmering “super-Earth”, five times the mass of Earth, dubbed as HD219134 b was discovered.
i. Unlike the Earth, however, it most likely does not have a massive core of iron, but is rich in calcium and aluminium alongside magnesium and silicon.
ii. It shimmers red to blue like rubies and sapphires, because these gemstones are aluminium oxides which are common on the exoplanet.
iii. According to the researchers it is one of three candidates likely to belong to a new exotic class of exoplanets. The other two exoplanets studied were 55 Cancri e and WASP-47 e.
iv. The study was published in the journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters.

First Global Positioning System (GPS) III satellite nicknamed as Vespucci US Military Satellite launched by SpaceX
On December 23, 2018, SpaceX launched the U.S. Air Force’s newest ‘GPS III’ satellite on a Falcon 9 rocket from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida, USA.This GPS 3 satellite replaces an aging GPS 2R spacecraft launched in 1997.
i. The solar-powered spacecraft, dubbed “Vespucci,” is the company’s first official “National Security Space” mission.
ii. Vespucci’s nickname honours Italian cartographer and explorer Amerigo Vespucci, after whom North and South America were named.
iii. It was competed through the Air Force’s Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle program.
iv. The successful GPS III SV01 mission marked SpaceX’s 21st and final launch of 2018, beating the company’s 2017 flight rate of 18 launches.
SpaceX:
♦ Headquarters: California, USA.
♦ Founder: Elon Musk.

ENVIRONMENT

Indonesia hit by Volcanic Tsunami
On 22nd December 2018, a tsunami following a volcanic eruption hits the Sunda Strait between Java and Sumatra islands of Indonesia without any early warning causing heavy damage to the holiday makers and residents of coastal areas.
Key Points
i. The tsunami was caused by an underwater landslide when a chunk of the volcanic Anak Krakatau island slipped into the ocean.
ii. The tsunami was triggered by a volcano rather than earthquake due to which early warning could not be generated.
iii. Indonesia do not have an early warning system for landslides or volcanic eruptions. It was announced by Indonesia’s Disaster agency said that it will have to create a new tsunami early warning system.
iv. In the tsunami, more than 373 people were killed, thousands were injured and many buildings were heavily damaged.
About Indonesia
♦ Capital: Jakarta
♦ Currency: Indonesian rupiah
♦ President: Joko Widodo

SPORTS

Five weightlifters banned after 2012 Olympic tests reanalyzed
On 24th December 2018, The International Weightlifting Federation announced in Paris that five weightlifters have been provisionally suspended after the reanalysis of weightlifters’ urine samples collected during 2012 London Olympics.
The Weightlifters who are banned are Ukrainian Oleksiy Torokhtiy, Uzbek Ruslan Nurudinov both where the participants of 105 kg Category, Valentin Hristov of Azerbaijan who participated in 56 Kg Category, Armenia’s Meline Daluzyan and Belarusian Mikalai Novikau.

OBITUARY

Former Union Minister Jai Narain Prasad Nishad Dies At 88 in NewDelhi
On 24th December 2018, Former Union Minister,Captain Jai Narain Prasad Nishad died at Max Hospital in Delhi after a prolonged illness at the age of 88.

Union Minister Jai Narain Prasad Nishad Dies At 88i. Jai Narain Prasad Nishad was a Member of Parliament (MP) from the Muzaffarpur constituency in Bihar.
ii. He served as the Union Minister of state, Environment and Forests (Independent Charge) during 1996-97.

Rabindra sangeet exponent Dwijen Mukhopadhyay passes away in West Bengal
On 24th December 2018, Veteran Rabindra Sangeet singer Dwijen Mukhopadhyay died at his residence in Salt Lake,West Bengal following various age-related ailments at the age of 91.

Rabindra sangeet exponent Dwijen Mukhopadhyay passes awayi. Dwijen Mukhopadhyay was known for his rendition of ‘Jagoo Durga’ on All India Radio  and he was honoured with Padmabhushan and Banga Bibhusan.
ii. He was born in 1927 and recorded over 1000 songs of Tagore during his lifetime.

Former Mumbai Mayor and Padma Shri Nana Chudasama dies at 85 in Maharashtra
On 23rd December 2018, Former Mumbai Mayor and a 2005 Padma Shri awardee Nana Chudasama died at the age of 85 after a brief illness in Mumbai,Maharashtra.
Key Points:
i. Born in the Saurashtra region of Gujarat, Nana Chudasama, a jurist and a social worker, was the founder of non-governmental organizations Giants International, I Love Mumbai, National Kidney Foundation, and Forum Against Drugs and AIDS.
ii. Chudasama was also known for putting up banners in Mumbai’s Marine Drive area for decades carrying expressive messages about national and international stories of importance.

Veteran CPI (M) leader Nirupam Sen passes away in West Bengal
On 24th December 2018, Veteran leader of CPI (M) (The Communist Party of India (Marxist)), Shri Nirupam Sen who had served as the Commerce and industry minister of West Bengal passed away at a city Hospital in Kolkata,West Bengal following a cardiac arrest at the age of 72.
i. Nirupam Sen is credited as the architect of West Bengal’s Industrial drive during the Left Front rule.
ii. He was a three-time Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) from Bardhaman Dakshin Constinuency of West Bengal.

IMPORTANT DAYS

National farmers’ day on 23rd December
On 23rd December 2018, National Farmer’s Day (NFD) was celebrated throughout the country to acknowledge the role of farmers in India’s socio-economic development and to mark the birth anniversary of Indian farmer’s leader and 5th Prime Minister of India Shri Chaudhary Charan Singh.
Key Points:
i. This day which is also observed as KisanDiwas is celebrated across the nation every year with the focus on the upliftment of the status of farmers.
ii. On this occasion Yogi Adityanath, Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh unveiled a statue of Sri Chaudhary Charan Singh in Ghaziabad and addressed a public meeting and announced the allocation of Rs. 325 crore for the development of the city and rural areas.

Consumer Affairs Ministry celebrated National Consumer Day 2018 with the theme “Timely Disposal of Consumer Complaints” in New Delhi
On December 24, 2018, Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution celebrated National Consumer Day 2018 with the theme“Timely Disposal of Consumer Complaints” at Kothari Auditorium, DRDO Bhawan in New Delhi.

National Consumer Day 2018 with the theme “Timely Disposal of Consumer Complaints” in New Delhii. The Minister of State for Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution and Commerce & Industry, Shri C. R. Chaudhary presided over the event.
ii. Following important announcements were made in the event:

  • Government will repeal the Consumer Protection Act 1986 and bring in a new Act covering consumer grievance redressal, streamline functioning of Consumer for a.
  • National Consumer Helpline has been revamped and 480 major Companies including several e-commerce platforms have been included.
  • Consumer Fora has been strengthened and connected with CONFONET for better computer networking of consumer fora.
  • NCDRC on directions of Supreme Court issued new Regulations to make admission or rejection of cases in 21 days and pronounced judgment in 45 days after final hearing.
  • New Consumer Protection Bill, 2018 through Central Consumer Protection Authority (CCPA) will be introduced.
  • Hon’ble Supreme Court has laid right to speedy justice as a fundamental right of a citizen, implicit in the article 21 of the Constitution of India.

Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution:
♦ Union Minister: Shri. Ram Vilas Paswan.
♦ Minister of State:  Shri. C R Chaudhary.