Current Affairs June 23 2019

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INDIAN AFFAIRS

Central Command Centre for Air Traffic Flow Management was inaugurated by Minister Hardeep Singh Puri in New Delhi
On June 22, 2019, Minister of State for Civil Aviation Hardeep Singh Puri inaugurated the Central Command Centre for Air Traffic Flow Management (C-ATFM) at Vasant Kunj, New Delhi to ensure higher standards of safety. It was inaugurated in the presence of the Chairman of Airports Authority of India (AAI) Guruprasad Mohapatra, Board Members and senior AAI officials. India became the seventh nation to implement C-ATFM after the US, Europe, Australia, South Africa, Japan, Brazil.

Central Command Centre for Air Traffic Flow ManagementKey Points:
i. Central Command Centre- ATFM (C-ATFM) system will balance the capacity against the demand to achieve optimum utilization of airport, airspace and aircraft.
ii. It merges the flight data from various subsystems like Air Traffic Control (ATC) Automation System, flight updates and flight update messages.
iii. It is supported by 36 Flow Management Positions (FMP) at various airports including Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata, Bengaluru and Hyderabad among others.
iv. Eight defense airports are also became part of the C-ATFM network which are provided with Flow Management Positions.
v. C-ATFM system estimated with Rs. 107 Crore in India.

An Entrepreneur Viral Sudhirbhai Desai Changed Udhana railway station into India’s first Green Railway Station
Viral Sudhirbhai Desai, a young entrepreneur from surat launched an initiative to change Udhana railway station in Gujarat into India’s first green and clean railway station like Mumbai’s Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus.
Key points:
i. Objective: In order to achieve the mission of  ‘Clean India-Green India’, Desai installed oxygen bomber and over 1700 air purifying plants at the station and also painting has been made by him for environmental protection on the wall of the station.
ii. Support: Organizations like Chhadyo and Archroma as well as Udhana Station Director CR Garuda provided their assistance for this great initiative.
iii. Homage to soldiers: A memorial has been set up at the station to honor our soldiers who sacrificed their life in Pulwama attack and also trees were planted in the name of the martyrs.
iv. About 23,000 trees and 38 tree guards distributed to the people for tree plantation and environment protection by Desai and his organization, ‘Hearts at Work Foundation”.

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

Five countries from Asia and Central America had no cases of Malaria in 2018: WHO
i. According to the report by World Health Organization (WHO), Four countries from Asia includes China, Iran, Malaysia and Timor-Leste and one country from Central America, El Salvador had malaria-free cases in 2018 and the report confirms that world is on a track to reach malaria elimination by 2020.
ii. The E-2020 progress report, which is launched in 2016 by the WHO covering 21 countries & spanning five regions.
iii. In May 2019, Algeria and Argentina were identified as malaria-free by WHO…………………………………Click here to Read more

Mexico became the first country to ratify the trade deal to replace NAFTA
On June 19, 2019, Mexico became the first country which approves to replace 25 year old trade deal North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) .The new trade deal is named as United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA).

Mexico became the first country to ratify the trade dealKey Points:
i. The USMCA (NAFTA 2.0) has been modified to include changes for automakers, stricter labor and environmental standards, intellectual property protections, and digital trade provisions.
ii. US President Donald Trump, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and Mexico’s then-President Enrique Peña Nieto had signed the deal in November 2018 but it still needs to be ratified by all three governments.
iii. The USMCA was ratified with 114 Senators voting in favor and 4 against it.

BUSINESS & ECONOMY

NITI Aayog plans to convert three-wheelers to EVs by 2023 and 2-wheelers below 150cc by 2025
On June 21, 2019, National Institution for Transforming India (NITI) Aayog organized the first meeting with manufacturers and start-up Electric Vehicle (EV) makers, during which NITI Aayog planned for the transition of three-wheelers by 2023 and two-wheelers with an engine capacity less than 150 cc (Cubic Centimeter) by 2025 to full Electric Vehicles (EVs). It asked the conventional two and three-wheeler makers to suggest concrete steps towards transition to electric mobility keeping in mind 2025 deadline, within two weeks.

NITI Aayog Key Points:
i. NITI Aayog was represented by Vice-Chairman Rajiv Kumar and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) Amitabh Kant.
ii. The meeting was attended by top officials of major two-wheeler manufacturers including Bajaj Auto Managing Director Rajiv Bajaj, TVS (Thirukkurungudi Vengaram Sundram) Motor Co Chairman Venu Srinivasan, Honda Motorcycle and Scooter India (HMSI) President & CEO Minoru Kato along with SIAM (Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers ) Director-General Vishnu Mathur, and Automotive Component Manufacturers Association of India (ACMA) Director General Vinnie Mehta.
iii. The conventional manufacturers such as Bajaj Auto, Hero MotoCorp, HMSI and TVS claimed that adoption of EVs by 2025 would be “unrealistic” and “ill-timed” and it would derail auto manufacturing in the country and start-ups like Revolt Intellicorp, Ather Energy, Kinetic Green Energy and Power Solutions and Tork Motors wanted the adoption of EVs to happen faster.
iv. The think tank cautioned the industry that if necessary steps are not taken to address pollution issues, courts would step in and look into the issues.
About NITI Aayog:
Headquarters: New Delhi
Formation: January 1, 2015

IRSDC signed 2 MoAs to renovate 22 railway stations
Indian Railway Stations Development Corporation (IRSDC) signed 2 Memorandum of Agreements (MoAs) on ‘Railway Station Redevelopment’ for the renovation of 22 railway stations.
MoA with MECON Limited
On June 21, 2019, IRSDC signed a MoA with MECON Limited (Formerly known as Metallurgical & Engineering Consultants Limited). 8 railway stations including Andheri, Bandra Terminus, Ranchi, Chennai Egmore will be redeveloped.
MoA with 2 other CPSEs
On June 20, 2019, IRSDC signed a MoA with two other Central Public Sector Enterprises (CPSEs) – EPIL (Engineering Projects India Limited) and Bridge & Roof for the renovation of 14 railway stations including Kolkata Terminal, Kanpur Central, Kalyan Junction, Ludhiana, Hyderabad and Udaipur City.
Key Points:
i. CPSEs will prepare detailed project reports on the development of 22 stations and act as Project Management Consultant to IRSDC to implement the redevelopment program.
ii. 6 CPSEs have been selected by IRSDC for the redevelopment of 41 railway stations, MoAs of which will be signed soon.

National Freight Index (NFI) launched by Rivigo Logistics
On June 20, 2019, In order to bring transparency in the road-freight marketplace, an Indian technology company based in Gurgaon, Rivigo which owns 3,000 trucks 5,000 drivers launched the National Freight Index (NFI) which will provide unrestricted access of live freight rates for different lanes and vehicles across the country.Logistics account for nearly 14% of India’s GDP.
Key points:
i. In 2018, the Indian road freight market size is estimated at $150 billion to $160 billion, of which $130 billion to $140 billion is full-truck load (FTL) market.
ii. The index shows truck rentals of 1,500 origin and destination locations (a minimum of 250 km) and 30 types of trucks. Of these, around 1,000 locations account for 70 % of cargo movement.
iii. It is estimated that there will be a shortage of around 50 percent drivers by 2023.
About NFI:
It is the barometer of the road freight market in India. It is based on Rivigo rate exchange, which gives a live spot rate on over 7 million lane and vehicle type combinations in the country.  The index is represented in terms of actual freight rates condensed to Rupees per tonne-km and in terms of relative movement with respect to a base month.

AWARDS & RECOGNITIONS

Dr Gaurav Nigam, an educationist, pediatrician and author, honoured with ‘Innovative Research Excellence Award 2019’
A well-known educationist, pediatrician and author, Dr Gaurav Nigam was conferred with the ‘Innovative Research Excellence Award 2019’ by Lyonpo Ugyen Dorji, Minister for Labour and Human Resources of Bhutan at the Asian Leadership Summit held at Thimphu, Bhutan. The event was organized by Global Leaders Foundation.

Dr Gaurav NigamKey Points:
i. He was conferred this award for his excellence in school education on the basis of his excellent performance, splendid achievement and outstanding contribution towards the innovative development and research activities in the field of school education in South Asian Region.
ii. He is the founder of iCare, an organization working in the area of new-age child health care and Intelligentsia, a research-based play school.
iii. He is the author of the book titled ‘Devil Inside My Mind’.

DD India channel will be broadcasted in Bangladesh & South Korea
On June 19, 2019, Prakash Javadekar, Information & Broadcasting (I&B) Ministry, Government of India signed the agreement with Bangladesh and South Korea for DD (Doordarshan) India, an Indian English News and Current Affairs Channel which is to be telecasted in those countries.This exchange is in line with Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Act East policy.

DD India channelKey points:
i. MoU (Memorandum of understanding) was signed between India’s Prasar Bharati and the BTV World, a channel owned by Bangladesh TV and similar MoU was signed between India’s Prasar Bharati and KBS World, an English 24×7 channel of the South Korean government.
ii. These channels will be available in India on DDFree Dish, which has nearly 35 million subscribers across the country.This will help India’s relation with its South Asian countries.
About Bangladesh
♦ Capital: Dhaka
♦ Currency: Bangladeshi Taka
♦ Prime Minister: Sheikh Hasina
About  South Korea
♦ Capital: Seoul
♦ Currency: South Korean won
♦ President: Moon Jae-in

SPORTS

Spain’s Fernando Torres retired from football
Fernando Torres, former Liverpool, Chelsea & Spain striker aged 35 retired from football.He hails from Fuenlabrada, Spain .

Fernando Torresai. He started his career with Atlético Madrid. In 2007, he joined Premier League club Liverpool.
ii. In 2011, he left the club to join Chelsea for a British record transfer fee of £50 million.
Honors received:

  • He was named in the FIFA World XI in 2008 and 2009.
  • Spain won the three tournaments from 2008 to 2012, with Torres scoring in the finals of both Euro 2008 and Euro 2012.
  • In 2012, he won the Golden Boot for highest goalscorer.
  • In 2008, he won Ballon d’Or third place
  • In 2008, he won FIFA World Player of the Year third place

India’s ace cueist Pankaj Advani clinched the 35th men’s Asian Snooker Championship in Doha
India’s ace cueist Pankaj Advani won the 35th men’s Asian snooker championship in Doha, Qatar.He defeated Thai’s Thanawat Tirapongpaiboon.

Pankaj Advanii. After winning this championship, he became the only player who win the Asian and World
championships in all formats.
ii. His next participation will be at IBSF World Cup , Doha.
About Asian Confederation of Billiards Sports (ACBS):
♦ President – Mr. Mohamed Salem Al-Nuaimi
♦ Headquarter – Doha, Qatar.

BOOKS & AUTHORS

Yoga guru Baba Ramdev to release an Autobiography titled ‘My Life, My Mission’
Yoga guru Baba Ramdev has penned an Autobiography titled ‘My Life, My Mission’, which will be released in August 2019. He will unveil the trials, tribulations, and triumphs of his life and provide insights into his childhood in his autobiography. It is being published by Penguin Random House.

Baba Ramdev to release an Autobiography titled ‘My Life, My Mission'Key Points:
i. It will be co-authored with senior journalist Uday Mahurkar.
ii. It will describe the journey of the Yoga guru from a small Haryana village to international stage, about his passion for yoga and good health, friends and foes, the Swadeshi Campaign and the journey of Ramdev’s venture, Patanjali Group of Institutions, with a turnover of about Rs 12,000 crores.
About Patanjali Ayurved:
Founded: January 2006
Founders: Baba Ramdev, Acharya Balkrishna

IMPORTANT DAYS

International Widows Day 2019 observed on June 23
International Widows Day was observed on June 23, 2019. It is observed to address the issues that widows and their children face in some countries.
Key Points:
i. Loomba Foundation initiated the International Widow’s Day in 2005. It was on June 23, 1954, Shrimati Pushpa Wati Loomba, mother of the foundation’s founder, Lord Loomba, became a widow.
ii. On 23 June, 2010, the day was officially recognised in the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) and since then it is celebrated.
iii. The aim of the day is to develop resources and policy to empower widows and allow them to have access to education, work, healthcare and lives free of violence and abuse.

United Nations Public Service Day is celebrated on 23rd June 2019
The United Nations Public Service Day is celebrated every year on June 23. The day celebrates the contribution of public service in the development process and to value public service to the community.

United Nations Public Service DayKey points:
i. The United Nations Public Service Forum (UNPSF) 2019 will take place in the Republic of Azerbaijan from 24-26 June 2019, with the theme of ‘Achieving the Sustainable Development Goals through effective Delivery of Services, Innovative Transformation, and Accountable Institutions’.
ii.
The day was instituted by the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) by passing resolution 57/277 on December 20, 2002.

International Olympic Day is celebrated on 23rd June 2019
Annually on June 23, International Olympic Day is celebrated all around the world. This day marks the birth of modern Olympic games on June 23, 1894, at Sorbonne in Paris.Olympic Day is based on the three pillars:Move, Learn, Discover.

International Olympic DayKey points:
i. First Olympic Day was celebrated on 23 June 1948 by 9 National Olympic Committees (NOC).
ii. Olympic Day Run is an international Olympic Movement activity promoting mass participation of sports held in June organized by National Olympic Committees (NOCs).

STATE NEWS

Justice V Ramasubramanian sworn in as the Chief Justice of the Himachal Pradesh High Court
Judge of Telangana High Court, Justice V Ramasubramanian sworn in as the Chief Justice of the Himachal Pradesh High Court.He succeeded Chief Justice Surya Kant.

Justice V RamasubramanianKeyPoints:
i. His Oath taking ceremony was administered by Governor Acharya Devvrat.
ii. Apart from Telangana High Court earlier, he served as an Additional Judge of the Madras High Court from July 31, 2006 and as permanent Judge from November 9, 2009.
iii. Then he served Andhra Pradesh High Court from April 27, 2016.
About Himachal Pradesh:
♦ Capital – Shimla
♦ Chief Minister – Jai Ram Thakur
♦ National Parks – Pin Valley National Park, Inderkilla National Park, Khirganga National Park

Justice Raghvendra Singh Chauhan sworn-in as the second Chief Justice of Telangana High Court
Acting Chief Justice of Telangana High Court, Raghvendra Singh Chauhan sworn-in as the second Chief Justice of Telangana High Court in Hyderabad. He succeeded Chief Justice T.B. Radhakrishnan in April, 2019 and sworn in as acting Chief Justice.He hails from Rajasthan.

Key Points:
i. His Oath taking ceremony was administered by Governor E.S.L. Narasimhan.
ii. Chief Secretary S.K. Joshi , initiated the swearing-in ceremony while the Registrar General of Telangana High Court A. Venkateswar Reddy read out the warrant issued by President Ramnath Kovind.
About Telangana:
♦ Capital – Hyderabad
♦ Chief Minister – K. Chandrashekar Rao
♦ National Parks – Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park, Mahaveer Harina Vanasthali National Park, Mrugavani National Park.

Government of Bihar bans tree-felling
Under the Forest Conservation Act, 1980, The State Government of Bihar recently issued an order banning felling of trees, citing increasing pollution and heatwave.
Key points:
i. The order came after the increasing pollution in the cities of Patna, Gaya, Bhagalpur, Muzaffarpur, and others in the state.
ii. The heatwave claimed 90 people in Gaya, Aurangabad and Nawada districts.
iii. Now the permissions granted to cut trees for development works, have become null and void.
iv. The government took a decision after the indiscriminate felling of big, old trees in Capital Patna during the last few years for the construction of roads and buildings and more than 2,200 trees have been chopped in the last two-and-a-half years.
v. Now anyone wants to remove a tree for any development project would have to translocate it & the Engineers have been asked not to cut trees while building or expanding roads.
About Bihar:
♦ Capital: Patna
♦ Chief minister: Nitish Kumar
♦ Governor: Lalji Tandon

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