Current Affairs May 25 2019

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INDIAN AFFAIRS

India banned Bangladesh terror outfit Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen
Recently, Home Ministry in a notification declared Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen Bangladesh, also known as Jammat-ul-Mujahideen India or Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen Hindustan as a banned terrorist organisation. The Home Ministry has given the reason for banning the outfit due to its committed acts of terrorism, promoted acts of terrorism and recruitment of youths for terrorist activities in India.

Jamaat-ul-MujahideenKey Highlights
The outfit was banned under the first schedule to the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967.
About Bangladesh
♦ Capital: Dhaka
♦ Currency: Bangladeshi Taka
♦ Prime Minister: Sheikh Hasina

Union Cabinet passed a resolution for the dissolution of 16th Lok Sabha for the formation of new Government
On May 24, 2019, Union Cabinet passed a resolution for the dissolution of 16th Lok Sabha for the formation of new Government after the Prime Minister Narendra Modi led Bharatiya Janta Party (BJP) won the Lok Sabha elections. The tenure was supposed to end on June 3, 2019.
Key Points:
i. Official data from the Election Commission showed that BJP had secured 303 seats(352 with coalition) out of 542, 22 more than 2014 elections. Indian National Congress led by Rahul Gandhi secured 52 seats.
ii. The process of constituting 17th Lok Sabha will begin after the handover of the list of newly elected members to the President Ram Nath Kovind, the head of the Parliament, by the Election Commission.
iii. The dissolution of the Lower House is announced as per Article 83 (2) of the Indian Constitution.
iv. It is speculated that the swearing-in of the new government will be held on May 30, 2019.

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

2nd SCO Mass Media Forum inaugurated at Bishkek in Kyrgyzstan
Indian delegation participated in 2nd Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Mass Media Forum at Bishkek in Kyrgyzstan. It is a 4-day forum inaugurated by the President of Kyrgyz Republic, S. Jeenbeko held from May 23-26 May, 2019. The Indian delegation was represented by the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting which included TVK Reddy, Addl. Director General and Ankur Lahoty, Asst. Director.
Key Points:
i. The main aim is to strengthen the exchange and cooperation in the field of mass media amongst SCO countries.
ii. Indian Delegation featured the vital role of the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting in the development of the mass media landscape within the country.
iii. The SCO Member States adopted the Resolution of Media Forum which calls for establishing successful collaborations of Mass Media Organizations of the SCO member Countries.
iv. The Delegation invited all the SCO member delegates to the Golden Jubilee edition of International Film Festival of India to be held in Goa in November 2019.
About SCO Media Summit:
The first SCO Media Summit was held in Beijing on June 1, 2018. This event was held under the motto “Development of the Shanghai Spirit and opening of a new era in the mass media cooperation”, where over 110 media outlets from 16 countries participated, including the SCO Member States, Observer States and Dialogue Partners.
About Kyrgyzstan:
♦ Capital: Bishkek
♦ Currency: Kyrgyzstani Som

WHO introduced a plan to tackle global snakebite
World Health Organisation (WHO) in its report, introduced a new strategy to prevent and control snakebite envenoming, a neglected tropical disease which affects 1.8 to 2.7 million people every year and 81,000 to 1,38,000 people died. The objective of this strategy is to halve the numbers of deaths and cases of disability due to snake envenoming over the next 12 years.
Key Highlights
i. This new strategy unveiled by WHO was developed by a 28-member panel of global experts in consultation with WHO regional offices, the scientific and research community, health foundations, advocacy groups and other stakeholders.
ii. The impact of snake venom is very serious. It can cause paralysis that stops breathing, bleeding disorders, irreversible kidney failure and tissue damage that can cause permanent disability and limb loss.
iii. According to WHO reports, the most affected people with snakebites are living in the world’s tropical and poorest regions, and children are worse affected due to their smaller body size.
About WHO
♦ Headquarter: Geneva, Switzerland
♦ Director General: Tedros Adhanom

China continues to use Banned Ozone-Depleting CFC-11 violating Montreal Protocol
China has been using CFC-11 or Trichlorofluoromethane, a banned Ozone-Depleting chemical. This was published in the journal Nature. It is against the 1987 Montreal Protocol.
Key Points:
i. As per the study released in May 2018, emissions of CFC-11 were on the rise since 2013. It witnessed a 25% rise since 2012.
ii. Between 2008 and 2012, eastern China emitted an average of about 6,400 metric tonnes of CFC-11 per annum and it was increased to 13,400 metric tonnes per annum from 2014 to 2017.
iii. China is the world’s largest polyurethane foam market. According to UK-based Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA), the Chinese foam manufacturers have been using CFC-11 illegally to save on the higher cost of alternatives such as hydrochloro-fluorocarbons like HCFC-141b and factories in Shandong province were still making and using gas to manufacture foam insulation.
About CFC-11:
CFC-11 is one of a class of compounds called chlorofluorocarbons that destroy atmospheric ozone. They are the potent greenhouse gases that contribute to atmospheric warming.
About Montreal Protocol:
The Montreal Protocol, a protocol to the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer, is an international treaty designed to protect the ozone layer by phasing out the production of numerous substances that are responsible for ozone depletion. It was agreed on 26 August 1987 and came into force on 16 September 1989. It has 46 signatories.

BANKING & FINANCE

RBI publicized draft circular on “liquidity risk management for NBFCs “
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has introduced the “Liquidity Risk Management Framework for Non-Banking Financial Companies and Core Investment Companies” for public comments by June 14, 2019. The eligible entities for this draft framework are all deposit-taking NBFCs; non-deposit taking non-banking financial companies (NBFCs) with an asset size of over Rs 100 crore and all core investment companies (CICs) registered with RBI.
Proposals of draft circular:
i. To introduce Liquidity Coverage Ratio (LCR) for all deposit-taking NBFCs, and non-deposit taking NBFCs with an asset size of Rs 5,000 crore and above. Starting from April 2020, NBFCs will have to maintain a minimum of 60% of LCR as high liquid assets which will be increased to 100% by April 2024. LCR is the proportion of high liquid assets set aside to meet short term obligations.
ii. NBFC’s should ensure that the difference between inflows and outflows during the first 7 days is not more than 10% of the total outflows. Similarly, over the next 8-14 days and 15-30 days, the cash flow mismatch should be only 10-20% of the cumulative outflows.
iii. To introduce a stock approach to liquidity as opposed to a cash flow approach to ensure asset adequacy to repay debt.
Reason behind this framework:
NBFC sector has faced rating downgrades and debt defaults. In order to perform their role effectively and efficiently, NBFCs are required to be financially resilient and properly governed so there is a need for a stronger Asset Liability Management (ALM) framework in the NBFCs.
About NBFC:
It is a company registered under the Companies Act, 2013 of India.
Regulated by – RBI

Corporation Bank launches ‘Corp SME Suvidha’ for GST- registered MSMEs
Corporation Bank has launched a new product named ‘Corp SME Suvidha’ for GST- registered Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME). It was launched by PV Bharathi, Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer of Corporation Bank in Mangaluru in the presence of Gopal Murli Bhagat, Executive Director and general managers.

Corp SME SuvidhaKey Points:
i. The newly designed product is a part of a bank’s efforts to provide the best products to the MSME sector.
ii. During the Financial Year 2018-19, the bank had settled altogether 987 claims under the Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana (PMJJBY) and Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana (PMSBY).
iii. Under PMJJBY, 776 claims for the last fiscal along with 45 claims of April 2019 were settled.
iv. Under PMSBY, 211 claims for the last fiscal along with 10 claims of April 2019  were settled.
About PMJJBY:
It is a government-backed life insurance scheme which provides insurance cover for citizens of India in the age group of 18 to 50 at an annual premium of Rs 330.
About PMSBY:
It is an accident insurance scheme for the citizens of India who are in the age group of 18 to 70 years at a premium of Rs. 12 per annum.
About Corporation Bank:
♦ Headquarters:  Mangaluru, Karnataka
♦ MD & CEO: PV Bharathi
♦ Tag line: A Premier Public Sector Bank, Prosperity for all

BUSINESS & ECONOMY

UN’s ILO report revealed gender diversity good for business and economy
United Nation (UN)’s International Labour Organisation (ILO) in its report titled “Women in Business and Management: The business case for change” revealed that those companies which improve gender diversity especially at the top, perform better and rake in higher profits.

Women in Business and Management The business case for changeKey Highlights
i. The report was based on the findings on a survey of nearly 13,000 companies across 70 countries.
ii. As per 57% companies, a growing number of women at the top made it easier for the company to attract and retain talent while 54 % companies agreed that with effective gender inclusivity improved creativity, innovation, and openness and enhanced their company’s reputation.
iii. The ILO’s report also analyzed data from 186 countries between 1991 and 2017 which revealed that increasing women’s employment is directly associated with more economic growth at the national level.
iv. The data from the report also showed that in the last decade women’s employment has grown worldwide but, they still remain 26% less likely to hold a job than men.
About ILO
♦ Headquarter: Geneva, Switzerland
♦ Director General: Guy Ryder

AWARDS & RECOGNITIONS

Indian contemporary artist Nalini Malani became the first Indian to be awarded with 7th Joan Miro Prize 2019
Mumbai based contemporary artist Nalini Malani became the first Indian to be awarded with 7th Joan Miro Prize 2019. It was announced by the Barcelona-based Fundacio Joan Miro. It is one of the most prestigious contemporary biennial art award in the world.

Nalini MalaniKey Points:
i. It is awarded for those artists who show the same spirit of exploration, innovation, commitment and freedom which characterizes the life and work of Spanish painter and sculptor, Joan Miro.
ii. Nalini Malani was awarded for her work that gave a voice to “the silenced and the dispossessed all over the world, most particularly women”.
iii. She was awarded  €70,000 (Rs 54.5 lakh) and the production cost of an exhibition work to be held in Barcelona, Spain in 2020 will be covered by them.
iv. Past recipients of the prize are Olafur Eliasson, Pipilotti Rist, Mona Hatoum, Roni Horn, Ignasi Aballí and Kader Attia.
v. Fundació Joan Miró is a Spanish art museum that gives the award along with the bank La Caixa. Joan Miró is the founder of the Fundació Joan Miró in 1975.

SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

ISRO’s new commercial arm ‘NewSpace India Limited inaugurated in Bengaluru
Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has inaugurated its new commercial arm ‘NewSpace India Limited’ (NSIL) in Bengaluru, Karnataka. The objective of the new commercial arm is to scale up industry participation in Indian space programmes. NSIL was inaugurated by Dr. K Kasturirangan, ISRO’s advisor, in the presence of ISRO’s chairman Dr. K Sivan.

NewSpace India LimitedKey Highlights
i. On March 6, 2019, NSIL was incorporated for the purpose of utilising research and development activities carried out by ISRO in the area of space with an authorized share capital of Rs 100 crore and initial paid up capital of Rs 10 crore.
ii. NSIL will be responsible for manufacturing and production of Small Satellite Launch Vehicle (SSLV) and Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) through technology transfer mechanisms.
About ISRO
♦ Headquarter: Bengaluru
♦ Chairman: K. Sivan

IAF`s AN-32 aircraft formally certified to operate on indigenous bio-jet fuel
The Russian made AN-32 transport aircraft of Indian Air Force’s (IAF) has got the formal fleet certification to fly on blended aviation fuel containing up to 10% of indigenous bio-jet fuel. The approval certification was given by P Jayapal, Chief Executive, Centre for Military Airworthiness and Certification (CEMILAC) to Air Commodore Sanjiv Ghuratia, Air Officer Commanding at the aero-engine test facilities at Chandigarh.
i. The certification has been provided after its thorough evaluation against international standards. Also, the use of bio-fuel is a major push to Make in India’ mission.
Background:

  • From 2018, IAF was undergoing evaluation tests and trials with green aviation fuel or bio-jet fuel, which was first produced by the CSIR-IIP lab at Dehradun in 2013. But due to lack of test facilities in the civil aviation sector, it was not tested at that time.
  • Bio-fuel is produced from Tree Borne Oils (TBOs) sourced from tribal areas and farmers, which augment their income substantially.

About IAF:
♦ Headquarters: New Delhi
♦ Founded: 8 October 1932
♦ Commander-in-Chief: President Ram Nath Kovind

DRDO successfully test fired a guided bomb from Sukhoi combat jet in Pokhran, Rajasthan
On May 24, 2019, The Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) successfully test fired a 500 kg class guided bomb from Sukhoi combat jet (Su-30 MKI Aircraft) in Pokhran, Rajasthan.
Key Points:
i. As per the Ministry of Defence, the mission objectives have been met during the test firing of the bomb. It fulfilled the desired range and hit the target with high precision.
ii. The mission was accomplished two days after the Indian Air Force successfully test fired the aerial version of the supersonic BrahMos cruise missile from Sukhoi jet at the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. It is a 2.5 tonne air-to-surface missile with a range around 300 km and travels at a speed of Mach 2.8.
About DRDO:
♦ Headquarters: New Delhi
♦ Founded: 1958
♦ Motto: “Strength’s Origin is in Science”
♦ Chairman:  Dr. G. Satheesh Reddy

NASA unveiled schedule for 2024 Moon mission ‘Artemis’
On May 23, 2019, NASA unveiled schedule for 2024 Moon mission ‘Artemis’. The Mission is named ‘Artemis’ after the Greek mythological goddess of the Moon and twin sister to Apollo.
Key Points:
i. This Mission has committed to take a female astronaut to the surface of the moon for the first time.
ii. There will be 3 Schedules for the launch. Artemis 1 is planned for 2020. Artemis 2 will orbit Earth’s satellite with a crew around 2022 and Artemis 3 will land the astronauts including the first woman in 2024.
iii. The three will be launched into space by the Boeing-led Space Launch System (SLS), the biggest rocket of all time, which is currently under development.
iv. Along with these missions, there will be 5 launches carrying the building blocks of the lunar mini-station “Gateway”. These will be carried out between 2022 and 2024 by private space companies.
v. NASA has chosen Maxar, a private firm to build the first module of the station.
About NASA:
Headquarters: Washington, DC
Administrator: Jim Bridenstine
Formation: July 29, 1958

SPORTS

Indian men’s compound team won bronze medal at Archery World Cup 2019
On May 25, 2019, Indian men’s compound team of Abhishek Verma, Rajat Chauhan and Aman Saini won bronze medal at Archery World Cup Stage 3 held in Antalya, Turkey by defeating Russia.

Archery World Cup 2019Key Points:
i. The trio performed against Anton Bulaev, Alexander Dambaev and Pavel Krylov of Russia and registered a win with 235-230. India scored 59, 58, 59, 59 in four rounds.
ii. In women’s team bronze medal playoff, a trio of Jyoti Surekha Vennam, Muskan Kirar and Swati Dudhwai lost to Great Britain’s Layla Annison, Ella Gibson and Lucy Mason by 228-226 finishing fourth.
iii. The World Cup Stage 3 is an Olympic qualifying event. It is the last meet before the World Championships in the Netherlands.

India Open International Tournament 2019
The 2nd edition of India Open International Boxing Tournament 2019 was held in at Karmabir Nabin Chandra Bordoloi Indoor Stadium in Guwahati, Assam from May 20 to 24, 2019. Total of 200 players from 16 countries had participated in the boxing event. The competition had held in a total of 18 categories, 10 for men and 8 for women. The prize money for gold medallist was USD 2,500 and silver medallist was USD 1,000.
In the tournament, India won a total 57 medals which include 12 gold, 18 silver, and 27 bronze medals. The event was organized by the Boxing Federation of India (BFI).

India Open International Boxing Tournament 2019Indian Boxers Winner Tally

S.No.EventGoldSilver
1.Men 49-kgDeepakGovind Sahani
2.Men 52-kgAmit PanghalSachin
3.Men 60-kgShiva ThapaManish Kaushik
4.Men 69-kgAshishDuryodhan Singh Negi
5.Men 81-kgManish PawarBrijesh Yadav
6.Men 91-kgNaman TanwarSumit Sangwan
7.Men +91-kgSatish KumarNaveen Kumar
8.Women 51-kgMary KomVanlal Duati
9.Women 54-kgJamuna BoroY. Sadhyarani Devi
10.Women 57-kgNeerajManisha Maun
11.Women 60-kgSarita DeviSimranjit Kaur
12.Women 75-kgBhagyabati KachariPooja
Best Boxers Award
S.No.CategoryWinnerCountry
1.MaleShiva ThaparIndia
2.FemaleFrancesca AmatoItaly
About Boxing Federation of India (BFI)
♦ Headquarter: New Delhi
♦ Chairman: Ajay Singh

IMPORTANT DAYS

International Missing Children’s Day 2019 celebrated on May 25
International Missing Children’s Day 2019 celebrated on May 25 annually. It is celebrated to raise awareness on the issue of child abduction, educate parents on safeguarding measures to protect their children .

International Missing Children's Day 2019Key Points:
i. In 1983, former US President Ronald Reagen declared 25th May as United States’ National Missing Children’s Day. The date was chosen following the disappearance of 6-year-old boy Etan Patz on 25th May 1979 from New York City who was kidnapped and later killed without heart.
ii. In 2001, May 25 was declared as International Missing Children’s Day (IMCD) due to the efforts of International Centre for Missing and Exploited Children(ICMEC), Missing Children Europe and the European Commission.
iii. The forget-me-not flower is the symbol of International Missing Children’s Day.
About International Centre for Missing and Exploited Children (ICMEC):
♦ Formation: May 1998
♦ Headquarters: Alexandria, Virginia, USA
♦ Chairman: Dr. Franz B. Humer

STATE NEWS

Justice DN Patel appointed as next Chief Justice of Delhi High Court
The central government has cleared the appointment of Justice DN Patel as the next Chief Justice of Delhi High Court (HC). The Collegium in its resolution of March 2019, recommended judge of Jharkhand High Court, DN Patel as chief justice of Delhi HC. At present, Rajendra Menon is a Chief Justice of Delhi High Court who is going to retire in June 2019.

DN Pateli. Justice DN Patel has started his career from Gujarat High Court where he practiced the matters include Civil, Criminal and Constitutional, Excise and Customs matters.
ii. He was also served as the Acting Chief Justice of the Jharkhand High Court four times between 2013 and 2018.

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