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Current Affairs October 12 2018

We are here for you to provide the important Current Affairs October 12 2018, which have unique updates of all daily events from all newspapers such as The Hindu, The Economic Times, PIB, Times of India, PTI, Indian Express, Business Standard and all Government official websites.

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Current Affairs October 12 2018

 INDIAN AFFAIRS

India’s first ever National Environment Survey to commence in 24 states, 3 UTs in Jan, 2019
On October 11, 2018, it was announced that India’s first ever National Environment Survey (NES) will commence from 55 districts across 24states and three Union Territories in January 2019.
About the Survey:
i. This survey will be conducted by Environmental Information System (ENVIS)
ii. The skilled manpower required for the survey will be provided from persons skilled and trained under MoEFCC’s Green Skill Development Programme.
iii. The result of the survey would be available in 2020.
iv. Thus, the first set of data will be compiled in one year to cover seasonal cycles in terms of air pollution and flora & fauna.
v. It is aimed to rank all the districts on their environmental performance and document their best green practices.
vi. It will consist of using grids measuring 9×9 km, to collect comprehensive data on various environmental parameters like:  air, water, soil quality; emission inventory; solid, hazardous and e-waste; forest & wildlife; flora & fauna; wetlands lakes, rivers and other water bodies.
vii. This green data will help in decision making at all levels – district, state and national level.
viii. All 716 districts in the country are expected to be surveyed in a period of three to four years.
Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change (MoEFCC):
♦ Union Minister: Dr. Harsh Vardhan.
♦ Minister of State: Dr. Mahesh Sharma.

Environment Ministry & World Bank released report on Strengthening Forest Fire Management in the Country
On October 9, 2018, the report named “Strengthening Forest Fire Management in India”, jointly prepared by the Ministry of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change (MoEFCC) and the World Bank was released.

Environment Ministry & World Bank released report on Strengthening Forest Fire ManagementThe report was released by Dr Harsh Vardhan, Hon. Minister of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change.
i. The report states that forest fires are the leading cause of forest degradation in India.
ii. Inspite of having increased forest cover to over 20 percent of its geographical area, regeneration is either inadequate or absent in about 45 percent of all forest areas.
iii. About 95 percent of all forest plots inventoried show some signs of degradation.
iv. The report also discusses policies on forest fire prevention and management (FFPM) at the national, state and local levels.
v. It recommended five broad themes for better measures–

  • Policy,
  • Institutions and capacity,
  • Community engagement,
  • Technology, and
  • Data and information.

vi. In case of good management,

  • Madhya Pradesh  was the first state to develop an SMS-based system to alert field staff about active forest fires,
  • Odisha  has pioneered the use of fire suppression equipment,
  • States like Mizoram, Tripura and Madhya Pradesh have effectively involved the community in preventing forest fires.

vii. A National FFPM Action Plan should delineate the roles and responsibilities of the MoEFCC, state forest departments, communities and disaster agencies.
viii. Building a national forest fire information database  for planning fire prevention and response should be done.
ix. Defining a national research agenda for fire management and provision of funding opportunities for scientific research will help in successful implementation.
x. This will help in realizing India’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDCs) set under the Paris Agreement
Background:
According to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the annual carbon emissions from forest fires globally range between 2.5 billion to 4.0 billion tons of CO2, adding large volumes of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere.
World Bank:
♦ Headquarters: Washington D.C., USA.
♦ Membership: 189 countries.
♦ President: Jim Yong Kim.

Website for ‘Aero India 2019’ launched by Min. of Defence
On October 11, 2018, Ministry of Defence launched the newly designed website of Aero India 2019.

Website for 'Aero India 2019' launched by Min. of Defencei.  The Website for Aero India 2019 is: (https://aeroindia.gov.in).
ii. The portal facilitated payment of registration fee online for business visitors.
iii. Furthermore, it has been integrated with multi-currency Payment Gateway where Indian companies would be able to pay in Indian Rupees using Credit Card/Debit Card/Net Banking/UPI/NEFT/RTGS and foreign companies would be able to pay in US dollars using credit card/debit card.
iv. It will also host latest information about the various events in the Aero India 2019 show.
v. It was made to commemorate the 12th edition of “Aero India 2019” that will be hosted by India at Air Force Station, Yelahanka, Bengaluru, (Karnataka) from 20 to 24 February, 2019.
vi. The five-day event will combine a major trade exhibition of the aerospace and defence industries with public air shows.
vii. In Aero India 2019, close to 500 companies both Indian and Foreign companies are expected to participate.
Defence Ministry:
♦ Union Minister: Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman.
♦ Minister of State: Shri Subhash Ramrao Bhamre.
♦ Secretary: Shri Sanjay Mitra.

Wireless chargers, bluetooth, low range devices exempted from licensing norms: DOT
On October 10, 2018, the Department of Telecommunication (DoT) has exempted low frequency range operating devices from licensing requirement.
i. According to DoT, devices or equipments for inductive applications in the 302 to 435 KHz (kilohertz), 855 to 1050 KHz and 1.89 to 2.31 MHz frequency bands are exempted.
ii. These include: bluetooth, wireless chargers, internet-of-things products, medical devices etc.
iii. This aims to promote ease of doing business for adoption of new technologies like internet of things, machine-to-machine (M2M) communications.
Department of Telecommunications:
♦ Minister of State (I/C): Shri Manoj Sinha.
♦ Chairman TC & Secretary(T): Aruna Sundararajan

Government cuts excise duty on jet fuel to 11 % from current 14 %
On 11th October 2018, the government reduced excise duty on jet fuel to 11 % from current 14 % inorder to help the aviation industry that has been affected badly by high fuel prices.
i. The Revenue Department of the Finance Ministry has notified that the excise duty on aviation turbine fuel (ATF) change will come to effect from 12th October 2018.

First India-Israel Innovation Centre opens in Bengaluru
On 10th October 2018, India’s first India-Israel Innovation Centre (IIIC), an entrepreneurial technology hub, was launched in Bengaluru.
Key Points:
i. IIIC will help Israeli companies enter India. It will enable local partnerships and joint ventures between companies from India and Israel.
ii. It will create an ecosystem to support entrepreneurship, partnership with vendors, mentoring and non-formal community development and covers business, technology, investors and customers.
iii. Start-ups that are part of IIIC will be offered mentorship, guidance and opportunities to participate at all IIIC’s global events.
iv. IIIC was launched by Ramanan Ramanathan, Mission Director, Atal Innovation Mission, Ariel Seidman, Deputy Counsul-General of Israel, Moshe Porat, Founder and CEO, Mesh Labs, and Varad Krishna, Founding Partner of IIIC.
About Israel:
♦ Capital – Jerusalem
♦ Currency – New shekel
♦ Official language – Hebrew
♦ President – Reuven Rivlin
♦ Prime Minister – Benjamin Netanyahu

Delhi, Moscow sign twin-city agreement
On 5th October 2018, Delhi government signed a twin-city agreement with the government of Moscow for cooperation in various fields like environment, culture and education, for the next 3 years.

Delhi, Moscow sign twin-city agreementKey Points:
i. The agreement was signed by Minister of the Moscow City government and head of its international relations Sergey Cheremin and Delhi Deputy Chief Minister Manish Sisodia.
ii. The two governments have mutually agreed to extend the Twining Agreement for a period of 3 years, from November 1, 2018, in environmental protection and air pollution control, cultural and tourism, healthcare, education, sports, transport management and e-governance.
iii.  The agreement will also help in enhancing friendship and cooperation between the two cities and maintain regular contacts between the two governments.
Some wildlife sanctuaries in Delhi:
♦ Najafgarh drain bird sanctuary
♦ Asola Bhatti Wildlife Sanctuary

Indus Food-II to be held in January, 2019, in Greater Noida
Indus Food-II tradeshow, will be held in Greater Noida on January 14-15, 2019.

Indus Food-II to be held in January, 2019, in Greater NoidaKey Points:
i.  Indusfood-II is an export focused annual F&B (Food and Beverage) trade fair. It will exhibit India’s best food, beverages and agri products to global buyers.
ii. It is organized by Trade Promotion Council of India (TPCI) along with commerce and industry ministry.
iii. Over 600 global buyers from nearly 50 countries will participate in Indusfood-II.
iv. Delegations from various countries will be involved in strategic purchase of food commodities through investments or long-term purchase agreements to achieve the food security of their country or to supply their food processing industries.
v. Indusfood-I, the first edition of this trade show, was held in early 2018.
About Trade Promotion Council of India (TPCI):
♦ President – Prashant Garg
♦ Location – New Delhi

Rs 50 lakh compensation given to former ISRO scientist by Kerala govt
On October 9, 2018, 76-year old, former ISRO scientist, Nambi Narayanan was given Rs 50 lakh by the Kerala government in compliance with a September 14 Supreme Court order.
i. This was given at a function organised at the state secretariat in Thiruvananthapuram.
ii. The order required the awarding the compensation to him for being falsely implicated in the 1994 espionage case.
iii. In the order, the Supreme Court directed the state government to pay the compensation within eight weeks.

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

Overview of President Ram Nath Kovind’s 3-day Visit to Tajikistan

  • On October 7, 2018, President Ram Nath Kovind reached Dushanbe, Tajikistan and commenced his 3-day visit to the Central Asian Country at the invitation of His Excellency Mr. Emomali Rahmon, President of Republic of Tajikistan.
  • President Ram Nath Kovind was welcomed at a reception named “Friends of India in Tajikistan” in Dushanbe, Tajikistan.
  • Both the countries singed  9 MOUs
  • The President of India announced allocation of a grant of USD 20 Million to Tajikistan for implementation of development projects of Tajikistan.
  • On October 8, 2018, President Ram Nath Kovind delivered lecture on the theme of ‘Countering Radicalisation: Challenges in Modern Societies’ at the University of Tajikistan in Dushanbe………………………….Click here to Read more

Japan now holds the world’s most powerful passport
On October 11, 2018, according to 2018 Henley Index, Japan surpassed Singapore to have the most powerful passport.

Japan now holds the world's most powerful passportThis index has been compiled by advisory firm Henley & Partners.
i. The index is based on exclusive data from the International Air Transport Association.
ii.  Japan passport holders now enjoy visa-free access to 190 destinations, compared with Singapore’s 189.
iii. Germany has fallen to 3rd place, tied with South Korea and France with 188 visa-free destinations.
iv. Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Spain, Italy tied at the 4th place with 187 destinations.
v. Former top spot holders the United States and the United Kingdom, who tied for No. 1 in 2015, are now at No. 5.
vi. Iraq and Afghanistan are at the bottom (No. 106) with just 30 destinations.
vii. The most powerful passport in the Middle East is of United Arab Emirates at 21st position.
viii. Russia is at 47th place, China at 71st India at 81st (with 60 country accesses).
About Henley & Partners:
Group Chairman: Dr. Christian H. Kalin.

BANKING & FINANCE

RBI injected Rs 12,000 crore into system on Oct 11 to manage liquidity
On October 10, 2018, Reserve Bank announced injection of liquidity worth Rs 12,000 crore into the system through purchase of government bonds on October 11 under Open Market Operations.
i. The government will purchase bonds with maturity ranging between 2020 to 2030.
ii. As part of the OMOs, the purchase of government securities maturing will bear interest rate of:

  • 8.27 per cent in 2020,
  • 8.15 per cent in 2022,
  • 7.35 per cent in 2024,
  • 8.15 per cent in 2026 and
  • 7.61 per cent in 2030.

Background:
i. OMOs are the tools which can be used to either inject or drain liquidity from the system.
It is employed to adjust rupee liquidity conditions in the market on a durable basis.
ii.  If there is excess liquidity, the RBI resorts to sale of securities and sucks out the rupee liquidity. Similarly, when the liquidity conditions are tight, it buys securities from the market, thereby releasing money into the market.
RBI:
♦  Founded: 1st April 1935.
♦  Headquarters: Mumbai.
♦  24th Governor: Dr. Urjit Patel.

India’s debt lower than best, emerging market economies: IMF
On October 11, 2018, IMF clarified that India’s debt is lower than the global average as percentage of world GDP.
i. According to IMF, the global debt has reached a new record high of USD 182 trillion in 2017.
ii. In India, private debt in 2017 was 54.5 per cent of the GDP and the general government debt was 70.4 per cent of the GDP totaling upto 125% of the GDP..
iii. Since the end of 2015, 2016 and 2017 , the private debt in India has declined from almost 60 per cent to 54.5 which makes India steady.
iv. However, China has a high debt percentage of 247 per cent of the GDP.
v. As per measures, governments have been advised to:

  • Better manage their resources,
  • Bring data together with a rough estimate of public sector assets, liabilities, and wealth.

IMF:
♦ Full Form: International Monetary Fund.
♦ Headquarters: Washington, D.C.
♦ MD: Christine Lagarde.

SBI signed MoU with Nepal’s National Banking Institute for human resource development
On October 10, 2018, State Bank of India signed a 3 year MOU with Kathmandu-based National Banking Institute (NBI) for development of human resources.

SBI signed MoU with Nepal's National Banking Institute for human resource developmenti. Under the MOU, SBI will help establish a mutually beneficial strategic alliance for NBI’s human resources development by providing education, training and research.
Other News:
Apart from SBI, the apex banking academy of Nepal, National Banking Institute (NBI)  is already in tie ups with leading institutions in Indiaincluding IIMs, MDI, ISB.
SBI:
♦ Headquarters: Mumbai.
♦ Chairman: Rajnish Kumar.
♦ Tagline: With you all the way, Pure Banking Nothing Else, The Nation’s banks on us.
National Banking Institute (NBI):
Headquarters: Kathmandu.

BUSINESS & ECONOMY

NSE signs pact with Uttarakhand government to enhance MSMEs growth in state
On 10th October 2018, National Stock Exchange (NSE) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Uttarakhand government to offer access to capital to MSMEs (Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises) to enhance their growth in the state.
Key Points:
i. This MoU aims to improve the SMEs and start-ups by creating awareness on opportunities to raise capital, SME exchange guidelines, listing processes, compliances with listing agreement, etc.
ii. NSE will support the government to improve the financing opportunities for MSMEs in Uttarakhand, by listing on NSE’s SME platform named Emerge.
iii. The government will help MSMEs to get listed on NSE Emerge platform, by helping them financially or in other ways to bear the expenses related to listing.
iv. NSE’s SME Platform has 182 companies listed, which together raised over Rs 2,850 crore .The total market capitalisation of these companies will be Rs 11,300 crore.
About National Stock Exchange (NSE):
♦ Chairman – Mr. Ashok Chawla
♦ MD & CEO – Mr. Vikram Limaye
♦ Headquarters – Mumbai

IBM India, NITI Aayog co-design programme to skill students in new-age tech
On 10th October 2018, IBM India partnered with NITI Aayog to offer internship programme to top performing students selected by the Atal Innovation Mission.

IBM India, NITI Aayog co-design programme to skill students in new-age techKey Points:
i. More than 40 high school students will undergo a 2-week paid internship at the IBM Bengaluru campus.
ii. They will be imparted skills in areas like artificial intelligence, Internet-of-Things, cybersecurity, cloud computing and blockchain. They will also be taught critical workplace skills.
iii. Also, select teachers will be trained by IBM volunteers and mentors to become innovation coaches.
iv. This collaboration between IBM India and NITI Aayog will expose students to new technologies and make them future-proof.
About IBM India Pvt. Ltd:
♦ Chairman – Vanitha Narayanan
♦ Managing Director – Karan Bajwa

APPOINTMENTS & RESIGNS

Former SBI chairperson Arundhati Bhattacharya joins ChrysCapital as advisor
Private equity firm ChrysCapital Advisors LLP has appointed former SBI (State Bank of India) chairperson Arundhati Bhattacharya as an advisor.
Key Points:
i. Arundhati Bhattacharya will advise on ChrysCapital ‘s strategy and investments. She will work with ChrysCapital managing partner Kunal Shroff and other partners.
ii. Arundhati Bhattacharya joined SBI in 1977 as a probationary officer. She became the first woman Chairman of SBI in 2013. She retired from SBI in October 2017.
About ChrysCapital:
♦ Established – 1999
♦ Manages nearly $3 billion worth assets across seven funds raised from sovereign wealth funds, endowments, pension funds and fund of funds

Tushar Mehta appointed as the new Solicitor General of India
On 10th October 2018, Additional Solicitor General (ASG) Tushar Mehta was appointed as the Solicitor General of India by the central government.

Tushar Mehta appointed as the new Solicitor General of IndiaKey Points:
i. Tushar Mehta replaces Ranjit Kumar. The post had been lying vacant since October 20, 2017.
ii. Appointment Committee of the Cabinet (ACC) has approved his appointment for a period till June 30, 2020.
iii.Tushar Mehta became Additional Solicitor General (ASG) in 2014. Solicitor General is a legal officer who represents a state or central government in legal proceedings.

HDFC Bank appoints Vinay Razdan as Chief Human Resources Officer
HDFC Bank has appointed Vinay Razdan as its chief human resources officer (CHRO).
Key Points:
i. Vinay Razdan will be responsible for the complete human resource operations in HDFC Bank.
ii. Previously, he was CHRO in Idea Cellular. He had joined Idea in 2006.
iii. He has held leadership positions in organisations like ITC, HCL Technologies and Idea Cellular.
iv. He has vast experience in various sectors like FMCG, IT services and telecommunications.
About HDFC Bank:
♦ Managing Director – Aditya Puri
♦ Headquarters – Mumbai

ENVIRONMENT

India lost USD 79.5 billion from climate-related disasters in 20 years: UN report
India suffered an economic loss of USD 79.5 billion due to climate-related disasters in the last 20 years, according to a UN report titled ‘Economic Losses, Poverty and Disasters 1998-2017’ released on 10th October 2018.
Key Points:
i. The report stresses the effect of extreme weather events on global economy. It was compiled by the UN (United Nations) Office for Disaster Risk Reduction.
ii. It states that 1998 to 2017 has seen a huge rise of 151 % in direct economic losses due to climate-related disasters. Affected countries faced direct losses of USD 2.908 trillion.
iii. Currently, extreme weather events contribute to 77 % of total economic losses of USD 2.245 trillion.
iv. The greatest economic losses were experienced by:

  • United States – USD 944.8 billion
  • China – USD 492.2 billion
  • Japan – USD 376.3 billion
  • India – USD 79.5 billion
  • Puerto Rico – USD 71.7 billion

v. The report states that climate change is increasing the frequency and severity of extreme weather events.

SPORTS

Former Pakistan left-arm spinner Abdur Rehman retires from international cricket
On 10th October 2018, former Pakistan left-arm spinner Abdur Rehman announced his retirement from international cricket.

Pakistan left-arm spinner Abdur Rehman retiresi. Abdur Rehman is 38 years old. He made his debut at the age of 26. He has scored 99 wickets in 22 Tests. He has also taken 30 wickets in 31 one-days and 8 wickets in 11 Twenty20 internationals.

OBITUARY

Film trade expert Santosh Singh Jain passes away
On 10th October 2018, Indian film trade expert Santosh Singh Jain passed away at his home in Mumbai.
i. Santosh Singh Jain was 97 years old. He was a former Central Circuit Cine Association (CCCA) President and former President of the Film Federation of India.
ii. He was also addressed as ‘The Iron Man’.

IMPORTANT DAYS

World Obesity Day – October 11
On 11th October 2018, World Obesity Day was observed throughout the world.
Key Points:
i. The first World Obesity Day was observed in 2015. It is organised by the World Obesity Federation.
ii. This day aims to create awareness about the increasing obesity issues and the diseases related to it. It also aims to support practical solutions for people to achieve a healthy weight and measures to sustain it.
iii.  The theme of World Obesity Day focuses on weight stigma.
About World Obesity Federation:
♦ President – Prof. Donna Ryan
♦ Location – London, United Kingdom

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