English Questions: Cloze Test Set – 130
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One indication of this would seem to be India’s current approach towards different multilateral organisations and plurilateral groupings. Many are better known by their (1) such as NAM, SAARC, BRICS, BIMSTEC, etc. Multilateral fora have today become indispensable to the conduct of international diplomacy, and how a nation deals with, or adjusts to, the (2) soup of organisations that exist is important. This is so even if a case exists that some of the older ones have lost much of their (3) .
Since Independence, India has played a leading role in multilateral fora. It was a founder member of NAM (Non Aligned Movement), SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation), BIMSTEC (Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation), BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa), and BCIM (Bangladesh, China, India and Myanmar). India has (4) membership of the NSG (Nuclear Suppliers Group) and the Wassenaar Arrangement (on Export Controls for Conventional Arms and Dual-use Goods and Technologies) and also full membership of ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations), the SCO (Shanghai Cooperation Organisation), etc, recognising the potential of being inside rather than outside such bodies. Even granting that the world is increasingly (5) towards the post-modern phenomenon of transactional politics, and that older institutions such as NAM are increasingly out of (6) with this, a proper study of the utility of participation in such fora — prior to treating many of them as of little consequence — would have been useful. To (7) its many advantages, India clearly needs to play on as many geopolitical chessboards as possible.
NAM may be a (8) shadow of what it was during an earlier period when towering personalities such as Nehru, Tito, Nasser and Castro dominated its proceedings. With non-alignment giving way to strategic alignment, organisations such as NAM may seem anachronistic, but it should not be lost sight of that it still resonates with many Third World countries. It also offers an alternative platform for putting forward a different viewpoint. It would, hence, be premature to (9) the death of NAM. The Indian Prime Minister’s decision to skip the NAM Summit in Venezuela may well hasten its end, but does not take away from the fact that NAM still has some relevance and India could still utilise NAM — perhaps less ideological but more purposive than in the past — to (10) newer challenges such as China’s not so ‘peaceful rise’.
- 1) animus
- 1) adverse
- 1) fragile
- 1) sought
- 1) placid
- 1) diverge
- 1) pertinent
- 1) glowing
- 1) assemble
- 1) reverence