English Questions: Vocabulary Set 209
Welcome to Online English Section with explanation in AffairsCloud.com. Here we are providing some difficult words from editorials , which is important and very helpful for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other exams !!!
Undercover investigations or so-called sting operations occupy a complex and problematical ethical space in journalism, but it is impossible to fault The Tribune’s exposé, published after accessing Aadhaar’s database of names, numbers and addresses. To begin with, the public interest — which lay in showing how easily the database could be breached and drawing attention to the existence of an organised racket to facilitate this — far outweighed, or more than compensated for, the act of unauthorised access, in this case secured on payment of a few hundred rupees. The investigation was written up in the best journalistic tradition — it focussed on how the data were being mined for money, it did not leak any Aadhaar numbers or other details to establish this, and it sought and received a response from shocked officials of the Unique Identification Authority of India before going to print. So it would have been a travesty of justice if The Tribune and the reporter who broke the story were treated as accused in the case where the charges include cheating under impersonation. It would have amounted to more than shooting the messenger. It would have constituted a direct attack on free public-spirited journalism and dissuaded attempts to hold public authorities and institutions accountable for shortcomings and promises.
As for the FIR filed against the journalist, the UIDAI has clarified it needed to provide the full details of the incident to the police and that this did not mean “everyone mentioned in the FIR is a culprit…” In response to widespread disapproval of the prospect of a case being registered against the journalist, the Delhi police have belatedly clarified that they would focus on tracing those who sold the passwords to enable access to the information. Given the noisy hubbub and the misinformation about what was breached, it is perhaps important to stress that the encrypted Aadhaar biometric database has not been compromised.
Meaning : relating to moral principles or the branch of knowledge dealing with these.
Synonyms : Christian,clean,conscientious,correct,decent,elevated,equitable,fair,fitting,good, high-principled, honest, honorable, humane, just, kosher, moralistic, noble, principled, proper, respectable, right, right-minded, square, straight, true blue, upright, upstanding.
Antonyms : corrupt, dishonest, immoral, improper, unethical, unjust, unrighteous.
Usage : there is an ethical dilemma to be faced.
2.Accessing(Verb) : तक पहुँचने
Meaning : approach or enter (a place).
Synonyms : retrieve, gain, gain access to, acquire, obtain; read, examine.
Antonyms : egress, outlet.
Usage : single rooms have private facilities accessed via the balcony.
3.Breached(Verb) : का उल्लंघन
Meaning : make a gap in and break through (a wall, barrier, or defence).
Synonyms :aperture, break, chasm, chip, cleft, crack, discontinuity, fissure, hole, opening, rent, rift, rupture, slit, split.
Antonyms : bridge, connection.
Usage : the river breached its bank.
4.Outweighed(Verb) : अधिक महत्वपूर्ण
Meaning : be heavier, greater, or more significant than.
Synonyms : be greater than, exceed, be superior to, take precedence/priority over, prevail over, have the edge on/over, preponderate over, override, tip/turn the scales/balance against, supersede, offset, cancel out, (more than) make up for, outbalance, overbalance, compensate for, redress.
Antonyms : damage, deprive, penalize.
Usage : Dixon was outweighed by nearly two stone and was knocked down twice in the second round.
5.Compensated(Verb) : आपूर्ति की
Meaning : give (someone) something, typically money, in recognition of loss, suffering, or injury incurred; recompense.
Synonyms : recompense, repay, pay back, reimburse, remunerate, recoup, requite, indemnify; settle up with, settle accounts with.
Antonyms : deprive, fine, forfeit, lose.
Usage : payments were made to farmers to compensate them for cuts in subsidies.
6.Seek/Sought(Verb) : मांगा
Meaning : Sought ; past and past participle of seek and seek meaning; attempt or desire to obtain or achieve (something).
Synonyms : try, attempt, endeavour, strive, work, aim, aspire, do one’s best, set out; formalessay.
Antonyms : find.
Usage : we constantly seek to improve the service.
7.Travesty(Noun) : भड़ौआ
Meaning : a false, absurd, or distorted representation of something.
Synonyms : misrepresentation, distortion, perversion, corruption, poor imitation, poor substitute, mockery, parody, caricature; farce, charade, pantomime, sham; apology for, excuse.
Antonyms : seriousness, solemnity.
Usage : the absurdly lenient sentence is a travesty of justice.
8.Impersonation(Noun) : वेष बदलने का कार्य
Meaning : an act of pretending to be another person for the purpose of entertainment or fraud.
Synonyms : impression, imitation; parody, caricature, mockery, burlesque, travesty, lampoon, pastiche; informaltake-off, send-up, spoof; rarepersonation.
Antonyms : original, origination, source.
Usage : he did an impersonation of Fred Astaire.
9.Dissuaded(Verb) : रोक
Meaning : persuade (someone) not to take a particular course of action.
Synonyms : advise against, caution against, chicken out,counsel, cry out against,deprecate, derail,deter, disadvise,discourage, disincline,divert,exhort, expostulate, faze,hinder, lean on, persuade not to,prevent,prick,put off, remonstrate, throw a wet blanket on.
Antonyms : incite,persuade, talk into.
Usage : tried to dissuade him from telling that story
10.Hubbub(noun) : कोलाहल
Meaning : a chaotic din caused by a crowd of people.
Synonyms : noise, loud noise, din, racket, commotion, clamour, ruckus, cacophony, babel; informalrumpus; informalrow.
Antonyms : advise against, caution against, chicken out,counsel, cry out against,deprecate, derail,deter, disadvise,discourage, disincline,divert,exhort, expostulate, faze,hinder, lean on, persuade not to,prevent,prick,put off, remonstrate, throw a wet blanket on.
Usage : his wife’s voice could be heard above the hubbub.