English Questions: Vocabulary Set 238

Welcome to Online English Section with explanation in AffairsCloud.com. Here we are providing some difficult words from editorials , which is important and very helpful for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other exams !!!

The Hindu: Back together: on Germany coalition deal

The decision of the conservative Christian Democratic Union (CDU) and the Social Democratic Party (SPD) to form a new coalition government is no surprise. Since the emergence of the CDU’s Angela Merkel as German Chancellor in 2005, both have cohabited in a coalition for eight years. After the two parties registered their worst showing in the September 2017 general elections, they lost whatever little appetite remained to rule together. The SPD had declared it would stay in the opposition, rebuild the weak organisation and re-establish its core left-wing identity. The latest arrangement is a result of political pragmatism and a willingness to accord primacy to the national interest, despite ideological differences. Germany had come close to calling another election after the conservatives failed to reach an understanding with the greens and the liberals late last year. That meant a minority government was the only alternative, one that did not appeal either to Ms. Merkel or her party. Inexorably, there was a rethink. The process was helped by a common concern within the CDU and the SPD, namely, the risk of ceding space to the deeply eurosceptic, anti-immigrant and extreme-right Alternative for Germany (AfD), which surprised everyone by winning almost 13% of the vote.
The wider implications for the European Union of the political stasis in Germany had also begun to weigh on the continent’s leaders. Some voiced the wisdom of revisiting the grand coalition proposal. The alliance now being stitched up is cause for at least some cheer, if not celebration. But there is disillusionment in both party camps that far too much has been conceded to the other party in the recent talks. The SPD has bagged six ministries, including finance. This has annoyed fiscal hawks among the conservatives, who are against Berlin loosening its purse strings to prop up ‘profligate’ eurozone member-states. The coalition’s agreement on greater spending on schools, pensions and infrastructure draws heavily upon SPD programmes. This is likely to find public favour, given Germany’s huge budget surplus and the need to boost domestic consumption. But there is a flip side to the pragmatic compromise the parties have struck to safeguard the political middle-ground. This is the risk that voices of dissent could veer to the extremes. Surveys indicate that the AfD’s vote share in September had less to do with its political appeal than with dissatisfaction with the state of affairs. In any case, the coalition is not yet a done deal. The joint programme must first be approved by SPD delegates in a party referendum. The divisions within the party over SPD leader Martin Schulz’s possible induction as Foreign Minister may forebode a turbulent time ahead.

1.Coalition(noun) : गठबंधन

Meaning : a temporary alliance for combined action, especially of political parties forming a government.

Synonyms: alliance, union, partnership, affiliation, bloc, caucus; federation, league, association, confederacy, confederation, consortium, syndicate, combine, entente, alignment; amalgamation, merger; conjunction, combination, fusion.

Antonyms : detachment, disconnection, disunion, division, divorce, parting, separation, severance, disassociation.

Usage : a coalition between Liberals and Conservatives.

2.Pragmatism(adjective): व्यवहारवाद

Meaning : a pragmatic attitude or policy.

Synonyms : businesslike, down-to-earth, efficient, hardheadeds,logical, practical, ealistic, sober.

Antonyms : excited, impractical, inefficient, irrational, unrealistic.

Usage : ideology had been tempered with pragmatism.

3.Willingness(noun) : इच्छा

Meaning : the quality or state of being prepared to do something; readiness.

Synonyms : readiness, preparedness, disposition, inclination, will, wish, desire; eagerness, keenness, enthusiasm.

Antonyms : apathy, denial, disagreement, dissension indifference.

Usage : the ability and willingness of workers to migrate.

4.Inexorably (adverb) – अनमनीय

Meaning : in a way that is impossible to stop or prevent.

Synonyms : adamant, adamantine , bound , bound and determined , compulsory , dead set on , dogged , hard , harsh , hell bent on , immobile , immovable.

Usage : the conflict was to lead inexorably to the outbreak of World War I.

5.Ceding(verb) : झुकना

Meaning : give up (power or territory).

Synonyms : surrender, concede, relinquish, yield, part with, give up; hand over, deliver up, turn over, give over, make over, transfer, bequeath, grant, remit, renounce, resign, abandon, forgo, sacrifice, waive; archaicforsake.

Usage : in 1874, the islands were ceded to Britain.

6.implications(noun) : निहितार्थ

Meaning : the conclusion that can be drawn from something although it is not explicitly stated.

Synonyms : suggestion, inference, insinuation, innuendo, hint, intimation, imputation, indication; connotation, overtone, undertone, hidden meaning, secondary meaning.

Antonyms : measurement, proof, reality, truth.

Usage : he was smarting at their implication that he didn’t believe in what he was doing.

7.Disillusionment(adjective) : मोहभंग

Meaning : a feeling of disappointment resulting from the discovery that something is not as good as one believed it to be.

Synonyms : Adversity, blow, chagrin, defeat, discontent, disenchantment, dissatisfaction, failure, frustration.

Antonyms : achievement, aidattainment, blessing, boon, content.

Usage : the high abstention rate at the election reflected the voters’ growing disillusionment with politics.

8.Dissent(noun) : मतभेद

Meaning : the holding or expression of opinions at variance with those commonly or officially held.

Synonyms : disagreement, lack of agreement, difference of opinion, argument, dispute, demur; disapproval, objection, protest, opposition, defiance, insubordination; conflict, friction, strife; arguing, quarrelling, wrangling, bickering.

Antonyms :discord, dissension, disunity, objection, opposition, protest, resistance.

Usage : there were murmurs of dissent from the opposition benches.

9.Forebode(verb) : शकुन कहना

Meaning :(of a situation or occurrence) act as an advance warning of (something bad).

Synonyms : presage, augur, portend, prognosticate, foreshadow, foreshow, foretell, forecast, predict, prophesy, forewarn, warn of, be a warning of, herald, be an omen of, be a harbinger of; signify, mean, indicate, add up to, point to, announce, promise; informalspell; literaryforetoken, betoken, harbinger.

Usage : this lull foreboded some new assault upon him.

10.Turbulent(adjective) : अशांत

Meaning : characterized by conflict, disorder, or confusion; not stable or calm.

Synonyms : tempestuous, stormy, unstable, unsettled, tumultuous, explosive, in turmoil, full of upheavals, full of conflict, full of ups and downs, roller-coaster, chaotic, full of confusion; violent, wild, anarchic, lawless.

Antonyms : calm, gentle, kind, mild, moderate, nice, peaceful, smooth.

Usage : the country’s turbulent past.

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