English Questions: Vocabulary Set 248

some difficult words from editorials , which is important and very helpful for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other exams !!!

The Hindu: Shoots take root: On Fed hike

In purely bilateral terms, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani’s visit to India was pitch perfect in content and optics. After his meeting with Prime Minister Narendra Modi, India and Iran signed agreements and memorandums of understanding on a wide variety of issues. Among the announcements was the decision to award India the contract to operate the Chabahar Shahid Beheshti port terminal after the project is completed. While no announcement was made on the Farzad-B gas field that India has expressed an interest in, the joint statement indicates that positive deliberations may follow. There were discussions on enhancing trade and investment and ease of doing business between India and Iran, including a double taxation avoidance agreement and an expert group to recommend “trade remedy measures”. Just before Mr. Rouhani’s visit, India announced it would allow Indian investment in Iran to be done in rupee terms. The concession, which has so far been extended only to Bhutan and Nepal, allows money lying in Indian banks as payment for imports from Iran, mostly oil, to be repatriated. Till now these funds have been blocked because international banks and insurance companies refuse to facilitate trade to Iran fearing further U.S. sanctions on Iranian entities. In turn, Iran is understood to have reversed last year’s decision to slash the credit period for oil payments from India, and issue more generous guidelines.
Mr. Modi and Mr. Rouhani also drew broad strokes highlighting the importance of bilateral ties between the two countries, stressing the strategic imperative for their growth. Mr. Modi called the talks “substantive and productive”, while thanking Mr. Rouhani for his leadership on regional connectivity. Mr. Rouhani endorsed India’s bid for a permanent seat at the UN Security Council with the veto, and praised India as a “living museum of religious diversity”. The joint statement issued contained tough language on the “sanctuaries for terrorism”, an issue important to both countries. But there is a broader global context to Mr. Rouhani’s visit and the red carpet rolled out by the Modi government. The visit came amid uncertainty over the U.S.’s next move on Iran, given the Trump administration’s line on the Iran nuclear deal. On the very day Mr. Modi and Mr. Rouhani met, U.S. National Security Adviser H.R. McMaster asked countries to track their investments in Iran as these might be supporting terrorism and “murder across the Middle East”. It will be important to see what, if any, implications the Indian overtures would have on India’s ties with the U.S. and its recently upgraded relations with Israel. However, it is crucial that India maintain a steady course on its strategic interests with Iran, a key source of energy, and as Mr. Modi put it, a “golden gateway” to Afghanistan and Central Asia.

1. Optics (noun) : प्रकाशिकी

Meaning : (typically in a political context) the way in which an event or course of action is perceived by the public.

Usage : the issue itself is secondary to the optics of the Democrats opposing this administration in a high-profile way.

2. Deliberations (noun) : विचार-विमर्श

Meaning : long and careful consideration or discussion.

Synonyms : thought, thinking, consideration, reflection, contemplation, cogitation, pondering, weighing up, musing, meditation, rumination, brooding; discussion, debate, consultation, conferring; rareexcogitation, cerebration.

Antonyms : careless, disregard, heedlessness, ignorance.

Usage : after much deliberation we arrived at a compromise.

3. Recommend (verb) : की सिफारिश

Meaning : put forward (someone or something) with approval as being suitable for a particular purpose or role.

Synonyms : advocate, endorse, commend, approve, suggest, put forward, propose, advance, nominate, put up, mention; speak favourably of, speak well of, put in a good word for, beat the drum for, vouch for, look with favour on; informalpush, plug; informalbig something up.

Antonyms : censure, condemn, deny, discourage, dissuade, oppose, protest.

Usage : his former employer recommended him for the post.

4. Repatriated (verb) : प्रत्यावर्तित

Meaning : send (someone) back to their own country.

Usage : the last German POWs were repatriated in November 1948.

5. Generous (adjective) – उदार

Meaning : showing a readiness to give more of something, especially money, than is strictly necessary or expected.

Synonyms : liberal, lavish, magnanimous, munificent, giving, open-handed, free-handed, bountiful, unselfish, ungrudging, unstinting, unsparing, free, indulgent, prodigal, princely; literarybounteous, plenteous; rareeleemosynary, benignant.

Antonyms : biased, disagree, able, greedy, inattentive.

Usage : a generous benefactor to the University.

6. Endorsed (verb) : समर्थन किया

Meaning : sign (a cheque or bill of exchange) on the back to make it payable to someone other than the stated payee or to accept responsibility for paying it.

Synonyms : countersign, sign on the back, initial, autograph, put one’s mark on, inscribe, superscribe; witness, validate; archaicunderwrite, side-sign; rarechirographate.

Antonyms : allowance, permission, approval.

Usage : the cheque should be endorsed and sent to the third party.

7. Veto (verb) – रोक

Meaning : exercise a veto against (a decision or proposal).

Synonyms : reject, turn down, throw out, dismiss, say ‘no’ to, rule against, overrule, rule out, quash; prohibit, forbid, interdict, proscribe, disallow, outlaw, embargo, place an embargo on, ban, bar, block, preclude.

Antonyms : allowance, permission, approval.

Usage : the president carried out his threat to veto the bill.

8. Uncertainty (noun) : अनिश्चितता

Meaning : the state of being uncertain.

Synonyms : unsureness, lack of certainty, indecision, irresolution, hesitancy, doubt, doubtfulness, wavering, vacillation, equivocation, vagueness, ambivalence, lack of conviction, disquiet, disquietude, wariness, chariness, scepticism.

Antonyms : assurance, belie, fcalmness, certainty, clarity, composure, confidence, contentment, faith, happiness, peace, trust.

Usage : uncertainty about the future is always bad for morale.

9. Overtures (noun) – पहल

Meaning : an orchestral piece at the beginning of an opera, play, etc.

Synonyms : prelude, introduction, opening, introductory movement, voluntary; rareverset.

Antonyms : conclusion, ending, epilogue, finish.

Usage : the overture to Mozart’s ‘Don Giovanni.

10. Steady (adjective) : नियमित

Meaning : firmly fixed, supported, or balanced; not shaking or moving.

Synonyms : stable, balanced, firm, fixed, secure, secured, fast, safe, immovable, unshakeable, dependable; anchored, moored, jammed, rooted, braced, cemented, riveted, nailed, tied.

Antonyms : irregular, undependable, unreliable, unsteady, untrustworthy, vulnerable, different.

Usage : the base was not steady, and the model fell over.

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