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English Questions: Vocabulary Set 319

some difficult words from editorials , which is important and very helpful for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other exams !!!

Vocabulary

The curtains came down on Pakistan’s election campaign  as it brought to an end a bitter political fight bloodied by brutal terror attacks, and darkened by the lengthening shadow of the military and judicial establishment. For more than 100 million eligible voters in Pakistan, the responsibility of upholding democracy hangs heavy. They have braved election rallies as terror groups killed dozens of leaders and supporters indiscriminately. Even as the month-long campaign came to a close, a candidate of the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf was killed in Dera Ismail Khan in a suicide bombing, while another’s convoy was attacked in Bannu. Earlier this month, over 145 people were killed at a rally in one single attack in Balochistan, while a suicide bomb attack in Peshawar killed the popular leader of the Awami National Party, Haroon Bilour. The choice before voters has also narrowed: former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and several others have been disqualified from the election process on corruption charges, a move that is seen not so much as the outcome of the natural process of justice but of the growing civil-military divide. Polls put PTI chief and former cricketer Imran Khan slightly ahead of Mr. Sharif’s successor at the helm of the Pakistan Muslim League (N), his brother Shahbaz Sharif — but Mr. Khan also faces an embarrassing controversy on account of his former wife’s tell-all book that portrays him as unstable and dissolute. There were some worries that even the third contender, Pakistan Peoples Party co-chairman Bilawal Bhutto and his father, former President Asif Ali Zardari, could be disqualified over electoral misdemeanours. The mood ahead of the elections has been further vitiated by the rise of extremist and sectarian parties, including one led by 26/11 Mumbai attacks mastermind Hafiz Saeed. These groups may ultimately not fare well in terms of seats, but they have spread pro-jihadi, anti-minority poison through Pakistan’s polity that no political party has dared to contest. The daunting task for the voter is to elect federal and provincial governments that will deal with the big challenges ahead: to steady an economy being crushed by debt to China and by UN financial strictures, to battle growing divides in society and the overwhelming influence of terror groups, to re-establish disrupted ties with neighbours, and to stave off the increasing military influence in the small space that the civilian leadership had been able to establish for itself.

1. Darkened (Verb) : अंधेरा करना / होना

Meaning : make or become dark or darker , make or become angry, unhappy, or gloomy

Synonyms : blacken , dim , obscure , haze , murk , overcast , shadow , deepen

Antonyms : lighten , clear up , illuminate , brighten

Usage : The last days of her life were darkened by illness

2. Upholding (Verb) : समर्थन देना

Meaning : confirm or support or maintain

Synonyms : advocate , bolster , raise , assist ,promote , sustain

Antonyms : deny , protest , abandon , neglect , hinder

Usage : She took an oath to uphold the Constitution

3. Indiscriminately (Adverb) : अविवेकपूर्ण रूप से

Meaning : in a random manner; unsystematically

Synonyms : aimlessly , frantically , madly

Antonyms : carefully , reasonably , purposely

Usage : He has been indiscriminate in choosing her friends.

4. Convoy (Noun) : रक्षदल

Meaning : a group of ships or vehicles travelling together, typically one accompanied by armed troops, warships, or other vehicles for protection

Synonyms : attendant , companion

Antonyms : abandon , desert

Usage : The tankers were convoyed by warships.

5. Embarrassing (Adjective) : लज्जित करने वाला

Meaning : a feeling of self-consciousness, shame, or awkwardness

Synonyms : awkward , troublesome , uncomfortable , uneasy , disturbing

Antonyms : convenient , uncomplicated , comfortable

Usage : It’s just silly stuff that would be embarrassing to reveal.

6. Vitiated (Verb) : दूषित

Meaning : spoil or impair the quality or efficiency of or destroy

Synonyms : annihilate , quash , negate , nullify , recant

Antonyms : allow , approve , ratify , validate

Usage : His whole theory appears to be vitiated by the confusion of physics and psychology

7. Daunting (Adjective) : भयभीत करना

Meaning : seeming difficult to deal with in prospect; intimidating

Synonyms : appall , baffle , discourage , thwart , terrify

Antonyms : hearten , support , stimulate

Usage : Jane is so shy she finds it daunting to go to a party.

8. Strictures (Noun) : बाध्यता

Meaning : a restriction on a person or activity

Synonyms : blame , criticism , rebuke , control , impediment , obstacle

Antonyms : compliment , praise

Usage : The military was called in to help enforce the curfew stricture ordered by the governor.

9. Overwhelming (Adjective) : ज़बरदस्त

Meaning : very great in amount.

Synonyms : amazing , exciting , stunning , overtaking , breathtaking , profuse , enormous

Antonyms : small , shallow , insignificant

Usage : The diamonds were a bit overwhelming for daily wear

10. Disrupted (verb) : विघ्न डालना

Meaning : interrupt (an event, activity, or process) by causing a disturbance or problem

Synonyms : disturb , confuse , muddle , spoil , mess up

Antonyms : appease , soothe , calm , compose

Usage : He had seen Reema’s bloodstained apartment and witnessed its disrupted condition

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