Reasoning Puzzles – Solving Approach and Example

In the reasoning section, one of the important topics is Puzzles. Here you can check the types of Puzzles and the solving techniques. You can also check the examples of some important Puzzles which are asked in various bank exams.

Types:

  • Floor
  • Month
  • Days
  • Boxes

Example:

Seven Persons – M, N, O, P, Q, R and S – live on separate floors of a seven storeyed building, but not in the same order. The ground floor of the building is numbered 1, the floor above it 2 and so on until the topmost floor is numbered 7.Each person likes different cartoon characters, viz, Chipmnuk, Flinstone, Jetson, Popeye, Scooby Doo, Simpson and Tweety, but not necessarily in the same order. Each person also likes different colours namely viz, Yellow, Orange, Red, Black, Blue, Brown and Purple.

More than three persons sit between the one who likes Yellow and the one who likes Orange. The person who likes Popeye lives on floor numbered 4. Only two persons live between P and the one who likes Popeye. The persons who live on the ground floor and the topmost floor don’t like Orange. M does not live on the lowermost floor. M lives on any odd numbered floor below the one who likes Popeye. S lives on an even numbered floor but neither immediately above nor immediately below the floor of M. The person who likes Jetson does not like Yellow. Only two persons live between M and the person who likes Tweety. Only one person lives between N and R. The person who likes Orange lives exactly between the persons who like Brown and Blue. R lives on an even numbered floor and does not like Popeye. Only three persons live between the persons who like Chipmnuk and Jetson respectively. The person who likes Chipmnuk live on any floor above the N’s floor. The person who likes Chipmnuk does not live on the topmost floor. O does not like Chipmnuk or Jetson. Only two persons live between the one who likes Purple and the one who likes Brown. The person who likes Scooby Doo lives on the floor immediately above the floor of the person who likes Simpson. N does not like neither Purple nor Red.

Detailed Solution:

Start the Puzzle with definite data.

The person who likes Popeye lives on floor numbered 4. M does not live on the lowermost floor. M lives on any odd numbered floor below the one who likes Popeye. S lives on an even numbered floor but neither immediately above nor immediately below the floor of M. Only two persons live between M and the person who likes Tweety.

Floor NoPersonCartoon CharacterColor
7
6STweety
5
4Popeye
3M
2
1

Only one person lives between N and R.  R lives on an even numbered floor and does not like Popeye. The person who likes Chipmnuk live on any floor above the N’s floor. Only three persons live between the persons who like Chipmnuk and Jetson respectively. The person who likes Chipmnuk live on any floor above the N’s floor. The person who likes Chipmnuk does not live on the topmost floor. O does not like Chipmnuk or Jetson. The person who likes Scooby Doo lives on the floor immediately above the floor of the person who likes Simpson. Only two persons live between P and the one who likes Popeye

Floor NoPersonCartoon CharacterColor
7OFlinstone
6STweety
5QChipmnuk
4NPopeye
3MScooby Doo
2RSimpson
1PJetson

More than three persons sit between the one who likes Yellow and the one who likes Orange. The persons who live on the ground floor and the topmost floor don’t like Orange. The person who likes Jetson does not like Yellow. The person who likes Orange lives exactly between the persons who like Brown and Blue. Only two persons live between the one who likes Purple and the one who likes Brown. N does not like neither Purple nor Red.

Floor NoPersonCartoon CharacterColor
7OFlinstoneYellow
6STweetyPurple
5QChipmnukRed
4NPopeyeBlack
3MScooby DooBrown
2RSimpsonOrange
1PJetsonBlue
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