Reasoning Questions : Logical Reasoning set 3

Hello Aspirants. Welcome to Online Reasoning Section in AffairsCloud.com. Here we are creating question sample in Logical Reasoning, which is common for all the IBPS,SBI exam and other competitive exams. We have included Some questions that are repeatedly asked in bank exams !!!

(Q. 1-5) In each of the following questions, two rows of numbers are given. The resultant number in each row is to be worked out separately based on the following rules and the questions below the rows of numbers are to be answered. The operations of numbers progress from the left to the right.

Rules:
(i) If a two digit even number is followed by another even number, the first one is to be divided by the second one.
(ii) If an even number is followed by a prime number, the two are to be multiplied.
(iii) If an odd number is followed by another odd number the two are be added.
(iv) If a three digit number is followed by a two digit number which is the perfect square, the second number is to be subtracted from the first number.
(v) If a three digit number is followed by a two digit number which is not the perfect square, the first number is to be divided by the second number.

  1. I. 16 7 25
    II. m 23 22
    If ‘m’ is the resultant of the first row, what is the resultant of the second row?
    A. 132
    B. 88
    C. 122
    D. 78
    E. None of the Above
    Answer & Explanation
    E. None of the Above
    Explanation:
    16 * 7 = 112 (Rule II)
    112 – 25 = 87 (Rule IV)
    87 + 23 = 110 (Rule III)
    110 / 22 = 5 (Rule V)
  2. I. 97 45 71
    II. 48 8 11
    What is the sum of the resultants of the two rows?
    A. 68
    B. 19
    C. 147
    D. 64
    E. None of the Above
    Answer & Explanation
    A. 68
    Explanation:
    97 + 45 = 142 (Rule III)
    142 / 71 = 2 (Rule V)
    48/8 = 6 (Rule I)
    6 * 11 = 66 (Rule II)
    66 + 2 = 68
  3. I. 125 64 33
    II. 282 x 39
    If ‘x’ is the resultant of the first row, what is the resultant of the second row?
    A. 45
    B. 42
    C. 39
    D. 36
    E. None of the Above
    Answer & Explanation
    B. 42
    Explanation:
    125 – 64 = 61(Rule IV)
    61 + 33 = 94 (Rule III)
    282 / 94 = 3(Rule V)
    3 + 39 = 42(Rule III)
  4. I. 84 14 13
    II. 360 24 17
    What is the difference between the resultant of the first row and the second row?
    A. 100
    B. 46
    C. 56
    D. 90
    E. 32
    Answer & Explanation
    B. 46
    Explanation:
    84 / 14 = 6 (Rule I)
    6 * 13 = 78 (Rule II)
    360 / 24 = 15 (Rule V)
    15 + 17 = 32 (Rule III)
    78 – 32 = 46
  5. I. 24 7 81
    II. x 27 19
    If ‘x’ is the resultant of the first row, what is the resultant of the second row?
    A. 87
    B. 114
    C. 4
    D. 6
    E. None of the Above
    Answer & Explanation
    D. 6
    Explanation:
    24 * 7 = 168 (Rule II)
    168 – 81 = 87 (Rule IV)
    87 + 27 = 114 (Rule III)
    114 / 19 = 6 (Rule V)

(Q. 6-10) In each of the following questions, two rows of numbers are given. The resultant number in each row is to be worked out separately based on the following rules and the questions below the rows of numbers are to be answered. The operations of numbers progress from the left to the right.

Rules:
(i) If a two digit odd number is followed by a two digit odd number, they are to be added.
(ii) If a two digit even number is followed by a two digit odd number which is the perfect square, the even number is to be subtracted from the odd number.
(iii) If a three digit number is followed by a two digit number the first number is to be divided by the second number.
(iv) If a prime number is followed by an even number the two are to be added.
(v) If an even number is followed by another even number the two are to be multiplied.

  1. I. 23 15 12
    II. X 24 49
    If X is the resultant of the first row, what is the resultant of the second row?
    A. 24
    B. 25
    C. 28
    D. 22
    E. None of the Above
    Answer & Explanation
    E. None of the Above
    Explanation:
    23 + 15 = 38 (Rule I)
    38 * 12 = 456 (Rule V)
    456 / 24 = 19 (Rule III)
    19 + 49 = 68 (Rule I)
  2. I. 37 12 21
    II. 38 81 14
    What is the difference between the resultants of the two rows?
    A. 23
    B. 32
    C. 13
    D. 18
    E. None of the Above
    Answer & Explanation
    C. 13
    Explanation:
    37 + 12 = 49 (Rule IV)
    49 + 21 = 70 (Rule I)
    R1 = 70
    81 – 38 = 43 (Rule III)
    43 + 14 = 57 (Rule IV)
    70 – 57 = 13
  3. I. 16 8 32
    II. 132 11 X²
    If X is the resultant of first row, what is the resultant of the second row?
    A. 192
    B. 128
    C. 132
    D. 144
    E. None of the Above
    Answer & Explanation
    A. 192
    Explanation:
    16 * 8 = 128 (Rule V)
    128 / 4 = 4 (Rule III)
    R1 = x = 4
    132 / 11 = 12 (Rule III)
    12 * 16 = 192 (Rule V)
  4. I. 345 23 X
    II. 45 17 81
    If X is the resultant of second row,what is the resultant of the first row?
    A. 285
    B. 33
    C. 135
    D. 34
    E. None of the Above
    Answer & Explanation
    D. 34
    Explanation:
    45 + 17 = 62 (Rule I)
    81 – 62 = 19 (Rule II)
    345 / 23 = 15 (Rule III)
    15 + 19 = 34 (Rule I)
  5. I. 12 28 84
    II. 37 22 18
    What is the sum of the resultants of the two rows?
    A. 77
    B. 87
    C. 84
    D. 72
    E. None of the Above
    Answer & Explanation
    E. None of the Above
    Explanation:
    12 * 28 = 336 (Rule V)
    336 / 84 = 4 (Rule III)
    R1 = 4
    37 + 22 = 59 (Rule IV)
    59 + 18 = 77 (Rule IV)
    R2 = 77
    R1 + R2 = 77 + 4 = 81