Reasoning Questions : Logical Reasoning set 4

Hello Aspirants. Welcome to Online Reasoning Section in AffairsCloud.com. Here we are creating question sample in Logical Reasoning, which is common for all the IBPS,SBI exam and other competitive exams. We have included Some questions that are repeatedly asked in bank exams !!!

(Q. 1-5) In each of the following questions, two rows of numbers are given. The resultant number in each row is to be worked out separately based on the following rules and the questions below the rows of numbers are to be answered. The operations of numbers progress from the left to the right.

Rules:
(i) If an odd number is followed by a two digit even number, then they are to be added.
(ii) If an odd number is followed by two digit odd number, then the second is to be subtracted from the first number.
(iii) If an even number is followed by a number which is a perfect square of a number then the second number is to be divided by the first number.
(iv) If an even number is followed by a two digit even number then the first number is to be multiplied by the second number.

  1. I. 15 11 20 400
    II. 8 12 10
    If the resultant of the second set of numbers is divided by the resultant of the first set of numbers, what will be the outcome?
    A. 196
    B. 200
    C. 19
    D. 92
    E. None of the Above
    Answer & Explanation
    E. None of the Above
    Explanation:
    15 -11 = 4 [Rule ii] 4 * 20 = 80 [Rule iv] 400 / 80 = 5 [Rule iii] r1 = 5
    8 * 12 = 96 [Rule iv] 96 * 10 = 960[Rule iv] r2 = 960
    960/5 =192
  2. I. 40 30 3600
    II. 15 24 17
    What is the sum of the two resultant numbers of the set of numbers given above?
    A. 22
    B. 25
    C. 28
    D. 42
    E. None of the Above
    Answer & Explanation
    B. 25
    Explanation:
    40 * 30 = 1200 [Rule iv] 3600/1200 = 3 [Rule iii] 15 + 24 = 39 [Rule i] 39 – 17 = 22 [Rule ii] 22 + 3 = 25
  3. I. 8 16 16 14
    II. 13 11 12 144
    What is the difference between the resultant of the first set of numbers and the second set of numbers?
    A. 222
    B. 210
    C. 118
    D. 106
    E. None of the Above
    Answer & Explanation
    D. 106
    Explanation:
    16 / 8 = 2 [Rule iii] 16 / 2 = 8 [Rule iii] 8 * 114 = 112 [Rule iv] 13 – 11 = 2 [Rule ii] 2 * 12 = 24 [Rule iv] 144 / 24 = 6[Rule iii] 112 – 6 = 106
  4. I. 13 11 4
    II. 17 13 12
    If the resultant of the first set of numbers is multiplied by the resultant of the second set of numbers, what will be the outcome?
    A. 48
    B. 96
    C. 69
    D. 75
    E. None of the Above
    Answer & Explanation
    B. 96
    Explanation:
    13 – 11 = 2 [Rule ii] 4 / 2 = 2 [Rule iii] 17 – 13 = 4 [Rule ii] 4 * 12 = 48 [Rule iv] 48 * 2 = 96
  5. I. 19 15 12
    II. 15 12 23 16
    If the resultant of the second set of numbers is subtracted from the resultant of the first set of numbers what will be the outcome?
    A. 44
    B. 92
    C. 29
    D. 43
    E. None of the Above
    Answer & Explanation
    A. 44
    Explanation:
    19 – 15 = 4 [Rule ii] 4 * 12 = 48 [Rule iv] 15 + 12 = 27 [Rule i] 27 – 23 = 4 [Rule ii] 16 / 4 = 4 [Rule iv] 48 – 4 = 44

II. (Q. No: 6-10)In each of the questions below a set of instruction sequence is given. You are required to find out the outcome which should come in place of the question mark (?) in each of the given sets of sequence.
Rules:
In a certain instruction system the different computation processes are written as follows:
i. x $ y % z means z is multiplied by the sum of x and y.
ii. x # y * z means that when y is subtracted from x and the resultant is divided by z.
iii. x @ y © z means x is added to the resultant when y is divided by z.
iv. x ~ y ! z means x is subtracted from the product of y and z.

  1. I. 20 # 10 * 2 = a
    II. a ~ 6 ! 4 = ?
    A. 19
    B. 29
    C. 34
    D. Can not be determined
    E. None of the Above
    Answer & Explanation
    A. 19
    Explanation:
    20 – 10 = 10
    10 / 2 = 5 = a
    6 * 4 = 24
    => 24 – a = 24 – 5 = 19
  2. I. 60 $ 20 % 4 = b
    II. 8 @ b © 10 = ?
    A. 20
    B. 40
    C. 10
    D. 60
    E. None of the Above
    Answer & Explanation
    B. 40
    Explanation:
    4 * (60 + 20) = 320
    b = 320
    320 /10 = 32
    32 + 8 = 40
  3. I. 15 ~ 2 ! 5 = c
    II. 4 $ 12 % c = ?
    A. 80
    B. 228
    C. 108
    D. 93
    E. None of the Above
    Answer & Explanation
    E. None of the Above
    Explanation:
    10 – 15 = – 5
    16 * (-5) = -80
  4. I. 16 @ 12 @ 8 = d
    II. d # 20 * 8 = ?
    A. 240
    B. 80
    C. 120
    D. Can’t be determined
    E. None of the Above
    Answer & Explanation
    D. Can’t be determined
  5. I. 80 ~ 15 ! 8 = e
    II. e $ 5 % 8 = ?
    A. 40 # 40 * 10
    B. 40 $ 40 % 10
    C. 40 @ 40 © 10
    D. 40 ~ 40 ! 10
    E. None of the Above
    Answer & Explanation
    D. 40 ~ 40 ! 10
    Explanation:
    120 – 80 = 40
    e = 40
    45 * 8 = 360
    40 ~ 40 ! 10 = 400 – 40 = 360