Syllogism – Solved Examples
Dear Friends.. I have solved some Syllogism questions here. Please Open the Syllogism Made Easy (Click it) Page in another tab. Compare it. Then as I said in my earlier post you guys can solve 5 questions in just 2 mins. I do in less that two mins. So its possible for you guys too. :-) :-)
Believe me friends.. It is the Easiest Method in Syllogism. All you need is a bit of patience and understanding.
Statements: Some Trains are cars; All Cars are branches; All branches are nets; Some nets are dresses.
Conclusions: Some Dresses are Cars; Some Nets are Trains; Some Branches are Trains; Some Dresses are Trains.
Step 1: Diagram
Step 2: Analyzing Conclusions
1 – Some Dresses are Cars – It does not follows – No Direct Connection between Cars and Dress
2 – Some Nets are Trains – It Follows (Check Concept 2)
3 – Some Branches are Trains – It Follows
4 – Some Dresses are Trains – It does not follows – No Direct connection between Dresses and Trains.
Statements: All Stones are Hammers; No Hammer is Ring; Some rings are doors; All doors are windows
Conclusions : Some windows are stones; some windows are rings; No window is stone; Some rings are stones.
Conclusion 1 – Definitely false (No direct connection)
Conclusion 2 – Definitely True
Conclusion 3 – Definitely False (Check Concept 11)
Conclusion 4 – Definitely False (No direct Connection)
Now Check for Merging Concept. Because More than one statement is false. Conclusion 1 and 3 have same characters. One is positive and another is negative.
So the Answer is Conclusion 2 and Either Conclusion 1 or 3 follows
Statements : All Pens are Clocks; Some Clocks are tyres; Some tyres are wheels; Some wheels are buses.
Conclusions: Some Buses are tyres; Some wheels are clocks; Some wheels are pens; Some Buses are Clocks.
Conclusion 1 – Definitely False (Refer Concept 2)
Conclusion 2 – Definitely False
Conclusion 3 – Definitely False
Conclusion 4 – Definitely False
Answer is NONE FOLLOWS
Statements: All baskets are Marbles; Some marbles are sticks; No stick is garden
Conclusions: Some Gardens are baskets; Some Sticks are Baskets; No Garden is basket
Conclusion 1 – Definitely False (Concept 2)
Conclusion 2 – Definitely False (Concept 2)
Conclusion 3 – Definitely False (Concept 11)
Now we have to check for Merging Concept. We can merge Conclusion 1 and Conclusion 3.
Answer is Either 1 or 3 Follows
Statements: Some Pins are needles; some threads are needles; All needles are Nails; All nails are hammers.
Conclusions: Some Pins are Hammers; Some Threads are nails; Some pins are threads; No Pin is thread.
Conclusion 1 – It follows (Concept 1)
Conclusion 2 – It follows (Concept 1)
Conclusion 3 – It does not follows (Concept 2)
Conclusion 4 – It does not Follow (Negative Conclusion) (All statements are positive).
Conclusion 3 and Conclusion 4 satisfy the rules of merging Concept. They are of same character; one is positive and another is negative.
Answer is Conclusion 1 and 2 and Either 3 or 4 follows
Statements: Some Chairs are rooms; No Room is Sofa; All sofas are tables; Some tables are desks
Conclusions: Some sofas are desks; No room is table; Some chairs are tables; No desk is room
Conclusion 1 – Definitely False (Concept 6)
Conclusion 2 – Definitely False (Concept 10)
Conclusion 3 – Definitely False (Concept 2)
Conclusion 4 – Definitely False (Concept 10)
Merging Concept is not applicable. because it does not follow any rules of Merging Concept. So the Answer is None Follows.
Statements: Some books are papers; Some papers are roads; Some roads are lanes; Some lanes are streets.
Conclusions: Some streets are not roads; All lanes being books is a possibility; All streets being paper is a possibility; Some roads are definitely books.
Conclusion 1 – Definitely False (Negative Conclusion) (All statements are positive)
Conclusion 2 – No relation between Lanes and Books. But its possibility case. So It follows (Refer Possibility table)
Conclusion 3 – Same as above. It follows.
Conclusion 4 – No direct connection. It does not follows.
Answer is II and III Follow
Statements: Some roses are petals; All petals are fruits; All fruits are trees; Some trees are flowers.
Conclusions: All trees being roses is a possibility; Some flowers are fruits; All fruits being petals is a possibility; All petals are trees.
Conclusion 1 – Give is Some. Desired is All. So it is possible. (Refer Possibility Table). It Follows.
Conclusion 2 – No direct connection. It does not follow. (Refer Concept 2)
Conclusion 3 – Given is Some. Desired is All. It is Possible. (Refer Possibility Table), It Follows.
Conclusion 4 – Yes, Definitely True.
I hope you guys have understood the simple logic behind each examples. Practice more problems. If you have any query, feel free to contact me via Facebook or by mail. If it is possible for you guys, give me some more problems. I will solve it with figure and explanation. I will post that too.